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Genus: Crematogaster

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 486 species, 296 subspecies

Fossil: 2 species

[Notes. (i) The original spelling Crematogaster is used throughout, the incorrect subsequent spelling Cremastogaster is ignored; see catalogue of genus-group names. (ii) The spurious paper by Soulié & Dicko, 1965 PDF: 85, is ignored. This publication merely repeats, inaccurately, the Wheeler, 1922: 828 catalogue of Afrotopical Crematogaster, but treats the subgenera as genera; see catalogue of genus-group names.]
Crematogaster Lund, 1831a PDF: 132 . Type-species: Formica scutellaris, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 124. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Formica acuta, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1912d PDF: 272; this error repeated in, for example, Emery, 1914b PDF: 39, Arnold, 1920a PDF: 482, Emery, 1922c PDF: 128, Gallardo, 1934b PDF: 4, Soulié, 1965 PDF: 78.].
[Cremastogaster Mayr, 1861 PDF: 74 (and many later authors), incorrect subsequent spelling. Discussions of spelling: Emery, 1912d PDF: 272 (footnote); Wheeler, 1913a PDF: 78; Donisthorpe, 1941f PDF: 36; Buren, 1959 PDF: 125.].
Crematogaster in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 134.
Crematogaster in Myrmicidae: Smith, F. 1971a: 329; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262.
Crematogaster in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 468 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1857a PDF: 75 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 74 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 464 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 79.
Crematogaster in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81 [Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae].
Genus Crematogaster references:
Blaimer & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Malagasy region subgenera and species-group key; degeeri-assemblage species revision, diagnosis, key)

Taxon Page Images:



Alarm posture in a Crematogaster emeryana acrobat ant, gaster held high and sting extruded. Crematogaster ants do not actually use their stinger to sting; rather, the organ is instead employed as a brush to broadcast volatile chemical signals to nestmates and to smear defensive chemicals on attackers. Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Biology:


Notes:

Visit the Crematogaster of MADAGASCAR page.

References:

For the most recent Nearctic revision of Crematogaster, see: Buren, W. F. 1959. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Part I. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 66: 119-134. (Online at http://osuc.biosci.ohio-state.edu/hymenoptera/manage_lit.list_pubs?author=Buren)

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-22 04:23:24 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-22 04:20:58 Zach Lieberman modified Images

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