|India (locality in error).|
|Lepeletier, 1835: 189 (w.q.); Smith, 1858a PDF: 101 (m.); Mayr, 1862 PDF: 731 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1952a PDF: 117 (l.).|
|Senior synonym of Paraponera aculeata and material of the unavailable name Paraponera spininoda referred here: Latreille, 1802a: 207; of Paraponera tarsalis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 100.|
|See also: Brown, 1958g: 205.|
Throughout the wet Neotropics. Costa Rica: Atlantic slope wet forest, low elevations; extending to just west of Santa Cecilia in northern Guanacaste Province (Janzen, pers. comm.); absent from wet forest of southern Pacific slopes and Osa.
This is the famous "bala" ant, reknowned for its large size and powerful sting; workers forage arboreally at all heights in the canopy; nests are subterranean at the bases of trees, or occasionally in humus accumulations in the canopy; workers forage on live prey and extrafloral nectar; males are frequent at blacklights. There is a growing literature of behavioral and ecological studies of Paraponera.
Fabricius, J. C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg and Leipzig]: Korte, 832 pp.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 29 times found in montane wet forest, 15 times found in lowland rainforest, 7 times found in La Selva, 3 times found in CCL 300, 5 times found in CCL 840M, 3 times found in CEN 650, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 4 times found in SSO 450m, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 4 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 54 times Malaise, 48 times Fogging, 15 times Blacklight, 10 times search, 4 times baiting, 3 times flight intercept trap, 3 times Sweeping, 1 times Winkler, 1 times yellow pan trap, 1 times beating, 1 times malaise trap, ...
Elevations: collected from 40 - 500 meters, 135 meters average