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Species: Camponotus castaneus   (Latreille, 1802) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus castaneus_cf, Camponotus castaneus americanus, Camponotus castaneus castaneus, Camponotus castaneus rufinasis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Formica castanea Latreille, 1802a: 118, pl. 3, figs. 11, 12 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 321 (s.).
Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 6; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; in Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex): Creighton, 1950a PDF: 375.
Senior synonym of Camponotus mellea (and its junior synonym Camponotus clarus): Mayr, 1886d PDF: 420; Forel, 1886h PDF: 141.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (MA, NY, FL, OK, TX, IA)

Biology:

Woodland, upland forest

Notes:

The placement of this species in Tanaemyrmex is somewhat doubtful, as it appears much closer to Camponotus, especially C. americanus. Indeed, the status of the traditional Camponotus subgenera needs careful, worldwide revision.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Black oak dunes, 1 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 4 times found in hardwood-dominated forest, 3 times found in maple-dominated forest, 2 times found in Suburban with wide-spaced, 3 times found in disturbed young hardwood forest, 3 times found in evergreen-dominated mixed forest, 1 times found in pine-oak forest, 2 times found in grassy woodland, 0 times found in Mixed deciduous forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 2 times hardwood trees, 3 times under rock on slight slope, 3 times under rock, 3 times under log, 2 times strays, 2 times foraging on ground, 2 times using non-ant tunnels in log as temporary solarium, 1 times base of tree, 2 times under rock on edge of steep ravine, 2 times under rock on edge of gorge, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times Search, 0 times Log stage 3, 0 times Log stage 5, 1 times under rock, 1 times at light, 1 times at ultraviolet light, 0 times In rotting log, 1 times Pitfall, 1 times under fallen log, 0 times Under log.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 320 meters, 159 meters average

Type specimens: type of Formica castanea: focol2341



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