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Species: Camponotus castaneus   (Latreille, 1802) 

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Camponotus castaneus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica castanea Latreille, 1802a: 118, pl. 3, figs. 11, 12 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 321 (s.).
Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 6; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; in Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex): Creighton, 1950a PDF: 375.
Senior synonym of Camponotus mellea (and its junior synonym Camponotus clarus): Mayr, 1886d PDF: 420; Forel, 1886h PDF: 141.


Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arkansas, Canada, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North America, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia
Neotropical Region: Americas

Distribution Notes:



Woodland, upland forest


The placement of this species in Tanaemyrmex is somewhat doubtful, as it appears much closer to Camponotus, especially C. americanus. Indeed, the status of the traditional Camponotus subgenera needs careful, worldwide revision.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 0 times found in Black oak dunes, 4 times found in hardwood-dominated forest, 3 times found in maple-dominated forest, 2 times found in Suburban with wide-spaced, 3 times found in disturbed young hardwood forest, 3 times found in evergreen-dominated mixed forest, 1 times found in pine-oak forest, 0 times found in Sand Pine Scrub, 2 times found in dense mixed forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 2 times hardwood trees, 3 times under rock on slight slope, 3 times under rock, 3 times under log, 2 times strays, 2 times in sun-exposed mound formed by raised, decaying root system of fallen tree, 2 times foraging on ground, 2 times using non-ant tunnels in log as temporary solarium, 1 times base of tree, 2 times under rock on edge of steep ravine, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times Search, 0 times UV light, 0 times Log stage 3, 0 times Log stage 5, 1 times under fallen log, 0 times Under log, 1 times under rock, 1 times at light, 1 times at ultraviolet light, 0 times direct collection, 0 times In rotting log, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 320 meters, 159 meters average

Type specimens:

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