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Species: Mesoponera caffraria   (Smith, 1858) 

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See Also:

Mesoponera caffraria affinis, Mesoponera caffraria caffra

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Ponera caffraria Smith, 1858a PDF: 91 (q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1913a PDF: 108 (w.); Arnold, 1915: 65 (w.m.); Emery, 1899f: 5 (l.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1971b PDF: 1206 (l.).
Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Emery, 1901b PDF: 46; in Mesoponera: Wheeler & Wheeler, 1971b PDF: 1206; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 303; in Mesoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 110.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Central African Republic, Ghana, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in Grassland, 1 times found in montane rainforest, 4 times found in Savanna, 6 times found in Kathu Bushveld, dominated by Tarchonanthus camphoratus, 5 times found in Lydenburg Montane Grassland, 4 times found in Euclea-Seersia Open Shrubland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 1 times found in Primary forest, selectively logged 60 years previously, 2 times found in Sclerocarya - Bolusanthus Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 1 times found in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld, 2 times found in Lydenburg Thornveld, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 1 times under stone, 1 times Under rotten log, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times ex nest.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times Pitfall trap, 7 times Hand collected, 5 times Pitfall trap, 5 days, 1 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 1 times Winkler, 1 times Winkler sample, Site 1, W2, 1 times ant ecology sample x60.

Elevations: collected from 175 - 2400 meters, 1071 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Pachycondyla caffraria: casent0902479; syntype of Ponera guineensis: casent0913726, casent0915251

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