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Genus: Tapinoma   Foerster, 1850 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Extant: 69 species, 26 subspecies

Fossil: 5 species

Tapinoma Foerster, 1850a: 43 . Type-species: Tapinoma collina (junior synonym of Formica erratica), by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Tapinoma in Dolichoderinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 385 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 454 [Dolichoderidae]; Forel, 1895b PDF: 109 [Dolichoderidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 164; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771; Forel, 1899B: 101; Wheeler, 1910a: 142.
Tapinoma in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Tapinoma in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini: Emery, 1913a PDF: 38; Arnold, 1915: 152; Forel, 1917 PDF: 248; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 89; Wheeler, 1922: 690; subsequent authors except those below; then Jaffe, 1993: 9; Dubovikoff, 2005 PDF: 91 (implied); Ward, Brady, et al. 2010: 361.
Genus Tapinoma references
Mayr, 1855Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien 5:273-478. [1855] PDF 127185: 372 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDF 128685: 55 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06] 128094: 13, 14 (Tapinoma, Micromyrma catalogues); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDF 127213: 455 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14] PDF 127193: 10 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDF 127217: 78 (diagnosis); André, 1882b: 222 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDF 123936: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDF 124002: 164 (catalogue); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDF 122766: 304 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1913aEmery, C. 1913a ("1912"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137:1-50. [1913-03-08] PDF 124711: 38 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1913aEmery, C. 1913a ("1912"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137:1-50. [1913-03-08] PDF 124711: 44 (Semonius diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:1-159. [1915-02-11] 122309: 152, 157 (diagnosis, South Africa species key, Semonius diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 695 (Pseudaphomomyrmex diagnosis, in key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 923, 927 (Afrotropical Tapinoma, Semonius catalogues); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 1034 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1925bEmery, C. 1925b. Revision des espèces paléarctiques du genre Tapinoma. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 32:45-64. [1925-05] PDF 124773: 63 (Palaearctic species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927dKuznetsov-Ugamsky, N. N. 1927d. Contributions to the knowledge of the myrmecology of Turkestan. II. [In Russian.]. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 21:33-42. [1927] PDF 126757: 33 (Turkestan species key); Smith, 1928aSmith, M. R. 1928a. The biology of Tapinoma sessile Say, an important house-infesting ant. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 21:307-330. [1928-08-18] PDF 128750: 311 (North America species key); Kratochvíl, Novák & Snoflák, 1944Kratochvíl, J.; Novák, V.; Snoflák, J. 1944. Mohelno. Soubor práci venoványch studiu vyznamne památky prírodní. 5. Hymenoptera - Aculeata. Formicidae - Apidae - Vespidae. Archiv Svazu na Ochranu Prírody a Domoviny na Moravé 6:1-155. PDF 126504: 79 (Czechoslovakia species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDF 123910: 352 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDF 123583: 192, 196 (Asia Semonius, Tapinoma, Zatapinoma checklists); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDF 122660: 254 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Boven, 1970bBoven, J. K. A. 1970b. Le polymorphisme des ouvrières de Megaponera foetens Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Publicatiës van het Natuurhistorisch Genootschap in Limburg 20(3/4):5-9. [1970] 122979: 24 (Netherlands species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDF 126357: 246 (Neotropical catalogue); Tarbinsky, 1976Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. [In Russian.]. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. [1976-06-04>] PDF 129149: 118 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977] 126740: 178 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) 1978. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. [In Russian.]. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. [1978-11-02>] 122371: 547 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Revista Española de Entomología 52:65-95. [1978-05-10] PDF 123763: 87 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979] 128659: 1421 (North America catalogue); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981Schembri, S. P.; Collingwood, C. A. 1981. A revision of the myrmecofauna of the Maltese Islands (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria" 83:417-442. [1981-09-01] PDF 128469: 421 (Malta species key); Gösswald, 1985Gösswald, K. 1985. Organisation und Leben der Ameisen. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 355 pp. [1985] 125570: 317 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985] 129218: 106 (Australia catalogue); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDF 122149: 279 (Balkans species key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDF 129202: 77 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. [In Russian.]. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. PDF 124151: 168 (Turkmenistan species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDF 122994: 380 (Neotropical catalogue); Shattuck, 1992cShattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21:1-181. [1992] PDF 128605: 146 (diagnosis, review of genus); Arakelian, 1994Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). [In Russian.]. Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. [1994-06-20>] PDF 122300: 72 (Armenia species key); Shattuck, 1994Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 112:i-xix, 1-241. [1994-01] PDF 128601: 140 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 399 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06] 130487: 116 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDF 130931: 360 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31] 132274: 165 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996Skinner, G. J.; Allen, G. W. 1996. Ants. Naturalists' Handbook 24. Slough: Richmond Publishing Co., ii + 83 pp. [1996] 132350: 40 (Britain species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998Collingwood, C.; Prince, A. 1998. A guide to ants of continental Portugal (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. Suplemento 5:1-49. [1998-07] 130938: 20 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01] 132308: 81 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDF 132709: 151 (China, Guangxi species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002Czechowski, W.; Radchenko, A.; Czechowska, W. 2002. The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Poland. Warsaw: Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. PDF 130994: 135 (Poland species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04] 132271: 149 (North and Central Europe species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDF 131481: 58 (south-western Australia species key); Yoshimura & Fisher, 2011Yoshimura, M.; Fisher, B. L. 2011. A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): key to genera of the subfamily Dolichoderinae. Zootaxa 2794:1-34. [2011-03-18] PDF 132806: 13 (Malagasy males); Seifert, 2012Seifert, B. 2012. Clarifying naming and identification of the outdoor species of the ant genus Tapinoma Förster, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Europe north of the Mediterranean region with description of a new species. Myrmecological News 16:139-147. [2012-01-20] PDF 133026: 146 (Central Europe species key); Sharaf, Aldawood & El Hawagry, 2012: 40 (Saudi Arabia species key); Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 357 (Poland species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDF 142254: 37 (Fiji species key). Bharti, Kumar & Dubovikoff, 2013Bharti, H.; Kumar, R.; Dubovikoff, D. A. 2013. A new species of the genus Tapinoma Foerster, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from India. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 9(2):303-304. PDF 142529: 304 (Tapinoma lugubre species-group key).

Taxon Page Images:

Tapinoma melanocephalum, the ghost ant, is a house pest in warmer climates around the world. Maquipucuna reserve, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild.


African Region: Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Macaronesia, Namibia, Saint Helena, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Australian Region: Australia, Barrow Island, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Norfolk Island, Queensland, Solomon Islands, Western Australia
Eurasian Region: Afghanistan, Åland Islands, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Europa Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Baja California, British Columbia, California, Canada, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Neotropical Region: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay
Pacific Islands Region: Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia, Malaysia, Micronesia, Niue, Samoa, Singapore, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna Islands
South East Asia Region: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Christmas Island, India, Krakatau Islands, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Xishuangbanna

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-26 07:07:00 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-26 07:06:33 Zach Lieberman modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tapinoma   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 25, (download) 25 21367
Tapinoma   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 42, (download) 42 21622
Tapinoma   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 101, (download) 101 6734
Tapinoma   Fisher, B. L. & Bolton, B., 2007, The ant genus Pseudaphomomyrmex Wheeler, 1920 a junior synonym of Tapinoma Foerster, 1850., Zootaxa 1427, pp. 65-68: 65-66, (download) 65-66 21200
Tapinoma   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 27, (download) 27 21008
Tapinoma   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 34-35, (download) 34-35 6175
Tapinoma   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher, pp. -1--1: 43, (download) 43 8138
Tapinoma   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 207-208, (download) 207-208 20597

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