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Genus: Prenolepis   Mayr, 1861 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 19 valid species

Fossil: 1 valid species

Prenolepis Mayr, 1861 PDF: 52. Type-species: Tapinoma nitens, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 325. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Formica imparis, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1906b PDF: 134, repeated in Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 171 and Wheeler, 1922: 940.].
Prenolepis in Camponotinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 377 [Camponotidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 453 [Camponotidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 177.
Prenolepis in Camponotinae, Camponotini: Forel, 1886h PDF: 209.
Prenolepis in Camponotinae, Prenolepidini: Forel, 1912j PDF: 89; Wheeler, 1915i PDF: 117; Forel, 1917 PDF: 249; Arnold, 1922 PDF: 605.
Genus Prenolepis references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 10 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 451 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 7 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 71 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870b PDF: 947 (all species key); Forel, 1878c PDF: 377 (diagnosis); André, 1882b: 203 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 257 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 177 (catalogue); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 326 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1910a PDF: 127 (Palaearctic species key); Arnold, 1922 PDF: 605 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 216, 697, 940 (diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical catalogue); Emery, 1925d PDF: 224 (diagnosis, catalogue); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 410 (North America species review); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 219 (Asia checklist); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 209 (Neotropical catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1442 (North America catalogue); Bolton, 1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 363 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 137 (China species key); Xu, 1995c PDF: 338 (Southern & Eastern Asia species key); Fontenla, 2000A PDF: 81 (Antilles Is species key); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 170 (China, Guangxi species key); Wang, W. & Wu, 2007: 721 (China species key); LaPolla et al., 2010A PDF: 129 (diagnosis); Bharti & Wachkoo, 2012 PDF (Indian species review, key); Williams & LaPolla, 2016 10.11646/zootaxa.4200.2.1 PDF: 201 (revision, diagnosis, morphological phylogeny); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 171 (brief male diagnosis); Chen & Zhou, 2018 10.11865/zs.201806 PDF: 65 (China species key); Williams & LaPolla, 2018 10.11646/zootaxa.4441.1.10 PDF: 173 (all species key)

Taxon Page Images:



Deep inside a nest of Prenolepis imparis, young worker ants are swollen with liquid food. These replete ants act as living storage containers and allow the colonies to persist through dearth periods. Huachuca Mountains, Arizona, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Papua New Guinea
Indomalaya Region: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
Malagasy Region: Seychelles
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Mexico, Panama
Palearctic Region: Austria, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Prenolepis   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 85-86, (download) 85-86 6734
Prenolepis   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 215-216, (download) 215-216 20597
Prenolepis   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 81-82, (download) 81-82 6734
Prenolepis   Emery, C., 1894, Mission scientifique de M. Ch. Alluaud aux îles Séchelles (mars, avril, mai 1892). 2 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 63, pp. 67-72: 72, (download) 72 3771
Prenolepis   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Prenolepis   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 697, (download) 697 4445
Prenolepis   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 31, (download) 31 21008
Prenolepis   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 80, (download) 80 6734


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