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Genus: Phrynoponera   Wheeler, 1920 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

5 species

Phrynoponera Wheeler, 1920 PDF: 53 . Type-species: Bothroponera gabonensis, by original designation. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Phrynoponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Phrynoponera as junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Brown, 1973b PDF}: 183 [provisional]; Snelling, 1981: 389.
Genus Phrynoponera references
Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 75, 773 (diagnosis, all species key, catalogue); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 334 (catalogue); Bolton & Fisher, 2008BBolton, B.; Fisher, B. L. 2008B. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1892:35-52. [2008-10-06] PDF 130798: 41 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014Schmidt, C. A.; Shattuck, S. O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817(1):1-242. PDF 142616: 127 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations).

Taxon Page Images:

Phrynoponera gabonensis is the most widespread and common species in the genus. Kibale forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.


African Region: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-23 08:27:38 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-23 08:27:12 Zach Lieberman modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Phrynoponera   Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2008, The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1892, pp. 35-52: 37-41, (download) 37-41 22424
Phrynoponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 75, (download) 75 20597

(-1 examples)

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