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Genus: Phrynoponera   Wheeler, 1920 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

5 species

Phrynoponera Wheeler, 1920 PDF: 53. Type-species: Bothroponera gabonensis, by original designation. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Phrynoponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Phrynoponera as junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Snelling, 1981: 389.
Genus Phrynoponera references
Wheeler, 1922: 75, 773 (diagnosis, all species key, catalogue); Bolton, 1995b: 334 (catalogue); Bolton & Fisher, 2008B PDF: 41 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 127 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Cantone, 2017: 270 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Phrynoponera gabonensis is the most widespread and common species in the genus. Kibale forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.


   Genus is native to: Afrotropical bioregion (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Africa, Angola, Bundibugyo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern, Eastern Africa, Estuaire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kakamega, Kenya, Kilifi, Lindi, Middle Africa, Mozambique, Niari, Ogooué-Maritime, Sangha-Mbaéré, South, South-West, Sud-Kivu, Tanzania, Uganda, Vihiga, Western, Western Africa, Woleu-Ntem

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Phrynoponera   Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2008, The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1892, pp. 35-52: 37-41, (download) 37-41 22424
Phrynoponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 75, (download) 75 20597

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