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Genus: Phrynoponera   Wheeler, 1920 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 5 valid species

Phrynoponera Wheeler, 1920 PDF: 53. Type-species: Bothroponera gabonensis, by original designation. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Phrynoponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Phrynoponera as junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Snelling, 1981: 389.
Genus Phrynoponera references
Wheeler, 1922: 75, 773 (diagnosis, all species key, catalogue); Bolton, 1995b: 334 (catalogue); Bolton & Fisher, 2008B PDF: 41 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 127 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 270 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Phrynoponera gabonensis is the most widespread and common species in the genus. Kibale forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical bioregion (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Phrynoponera   Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2008, The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1892, pp. 35-52: 37-41, (download) 37-41 22424
Phrynoponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 75, (download) 75 20597

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