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Genus: Nesomyrmex   Wheeler, 1910 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 81 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 2 valid species

Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910d PDF: 259. Type-species: Nesomyrmex clavipilis, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Nesomyrmex is the oldest synonym of Goniothorax Emery, [no year] (a junior homonym, see below) and hence is the first available replacement name for Goniothorax Emery, [no year]: Smith, 1950a PDF: 30.].
Nesomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Forel, 1917 PDF: 244; subsequent authors to the following.
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Goniothorax: Emery, 1924f PDF: 249; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 674. [Goniothorax is a junior homonym and hence Nesomyrmex takes priority as first available replacement name.].
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1994: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 39.
Nesomyrmex as genus: Wheeler, 1910d PDF: 259; Francoeur & Loiselle, 1988b: 43 (possibly valid); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14 [junior synonyms of Nesomyrmex left behind under Leptothorax]; Jaffe, 1993: 11; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 70.
Genus Nesomyrmex references
Emery, 1896g PDF: 58 (Neotropical species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 258 (South Africa species key); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 358 (Tetramyrma diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 890, 908 (Afrotropical Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax), Tetramyrma catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1029 (Malagasy Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax) catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 249 (Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 291 (Tetramyrma review, catalogue); Kempf, 1959d: 394 (Neotropical Leptothorax (Nesomyrmex) species revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 133 (Neotropical Leptothorax (Nesomyrmex) catalogue); Kempf, 1975c PDF: 367 (additions to 1959b key); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 13 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 349 (Neotropical catalogue); Bolton, 1995b: 235 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 272 (genus diagnosis); Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008 PDF: 36 (southern Africa species revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2015 PDF: 19 (Malagasy species-group key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016 10.7717/peerj.1796 PDF: 1 (angulatus group revision,key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016 10.1371/journal.pone.0152454 PDF; 1 (sikorai group revision,key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.603.8271 PDF: 105 (madecassus group revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.616.9532 PDF 125: (brevicornis group revision, key); Hita Garcia et al., 2017 http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.258 PDF: 1 (Afrotropical species group key, angulatus species group key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.3897/AfrInvertebr.58.12782 PDF: 21 (Arabian Peninsula key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 220 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Nesomyrmex anduzei Gamboa, Panama.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Palearctic Region: Egypt, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Nesomyrmex   Mbanyana, N. & Robertson, H. G., 2008, Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in southern Africa., African Natural History 4, pp. 35-55: 36, (download) 36 23052
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367


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