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Genus: Mystrium   Roger, 1862 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 14 valid species

Mystrium Roger, 1862a PDF: 245. Type-species: Mystrium mysticum, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mystrium in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 715 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 15.
Mystrium in Ponerinae, Amblyoponini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 766; Emery, 1901b PDF: 34; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 134; Emery, 1911e PDF: 22; Forel, 1917 PDF: 235; Wheeler, 1922: 640; all subsequent authors to the following.
Genus Mystrium references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 20 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 15 (catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 22 (diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 758, 1006 (Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1929e PDF: 518 (diagosis, all species revision, key); Brown, 1960a: 169 (review of genus); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 35 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 47 (Australia checklist); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 287 (catalogue); Gronenberg, Hölldobler & Alpert, 1998: 241 (mandible morphology); Shattuck, 1999: 192 (Australia synopsis); Yoshimura & Fisher, 2012 PDF: 16 (male diagnosis); Yoshimura & Fisher, 2014 PDF: 1 (female, male diagnosis; Malagasy keys); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 102 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Mystrium mysticum has an unusual caste system. These odd ants are dimorphic, with a small red caste that appears to work mostly in the brood nest and a larger, dark caste that performs most of the foraging and guarding of the nest. Interestingly, the ants that perform as reproductive queens are drawn from the smaller caste. Madagascar.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mozambique
Australasia Region: Australia, Papua New Guinea
Indomalaya Region: Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte
Palearctic Region: China

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Mystrium   Roger, J., 1862, Einige neue exotische Ameisen-Gattungen und Arten., Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 6, pp. 233-254: 245-246, (download) 245-246 4098
Mystrium   Bihn, J. H. & Verhaagh, M., 2007, A review of the genus Mystrium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Indo-Australian region., Zootaxa 1642, pp. 1-12: 1, (download) 1 21332
Mystrium   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 114-116, (download) 114-116 6734
Mystrium   Bihn, J. H. & Verhaagh, M., 2007, A review of the genus Mystrium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Indo-Australian region., Zootaxa 1642, pp. 1-12: 11, (download) 11 21332
Mystrium   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 117-118, (download) 117-118 6734


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