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Genus: Myrmoxenus   Ruzsky, 1902 


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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Myrmoxenus Ruzsky, 1902b: 474 . Type-species: Myrmoxenus gordiagini, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Myrmoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Emery, 1914e: 42; Forel, 1917 PDF: 245; Wheeler, 1922: 664; Emery, 1924f: 262; all subsequent authors to the following.
Myrmoxenus as junior synonym of Epimyrma: Buschinger, 1990b PDF: 245 (provisional synoynym); Bolton, 1994: 105 [seniority incorrect, Myrmoxenus has priority; see below.].
Genus Myrmoxenus references
Emery, 1916aEmery, C. 1916a ("1915"). Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 47:79-275. [1916-11-30] PDF 124734: 189 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 87:1-174. [1918-12-24] PDF 122872: 139 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24] 124769: 262 (Myrmoxenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924fEmery, C. 1924f ("1922"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C:207-397. [1924-06-24] 124769: 263 (Epimyma diagnosis, catalogue); Menozzi, 1931cMenozzi, C. 1931c. Revisione del genere Epimyrma Em. (Hymen. Formicidae) e descrizione di una specie inedita di questo genere. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 10:36-53. [1931-09-10] PDF 127362: 36 (diagnosis, all species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDF 122660: 216 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kutter, 1973fKutter, H. 1973f. Beitrag zur Lösung taxonomischer Probleme in der Gattung Epimyrma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 46:281-289. [1973-12-28] PDF 126733: 281 (species, notes); Kutter, 1977cKutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helvetica. Fauna 6:1-298. [1977] 126740: 138 (Switzerland species key); Buschinger, Fischer, et al. 1987: 253 (partial revision); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDF 122149: 276 (Balkans species key); Buschinger, 1989aBuschinger, A. 1989a. Evolution, speciation, and inbreeding in the parasitic ant genus Epimyrma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2:265-283. [1989-06] PDF 123384: 265 (evolution, speciation); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 188 (catalogue); Seifert, 1996BSeifert, B. 1996B. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. [1996-12-31] 132274: 118 (Central Europe species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1997. Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (n.s.)33:259-284. [1997-09-30] 130879: 268 (Morocco species key); Seifert, 2007Seifert, B. 2007. Die Ameisen Mittel- und Nordeuropas. Tauer: lutra Verlags- und Vertriebsgesellschaft, 368 pp. [2007-04] 132271: 117 (North and Central Europe species key); Heinze, Buschinger, Poettinger & Suefuji, 2015Heinze, J.; Buschinger, A.; Poettinger, T.; Suefuji, M. 2015. Multiple convergent origins of workerlessness and inbreeding in the socially parasitic ant genus Myrmoxenus. PLoS ONE 10(7):e0131023. [2015-07-29] PDF 142797:1 (phylogeny)

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