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Genus: Meranoplus   Smith, 1853 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 90 valid species

Meranoplus Smith, 1853 PDF: 224. Type-species: Cryptocerus bicolor, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 166. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Meranoplus in Cryptoceridae, Cataulacinae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Genus Meranoplus references: see above and below
Mayr, 1865: 26 (diagnosis); Forel, 1903a: 705 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903: 167 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1914a: 41 (synoptic classification); Arnold, 1917: 363 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Forel, 1917: 244 (synoptic classification); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 183, 663 (Meranoplus diagnosis, Meranoplini genera key); Emery, 1924d: 222 (diagnosis, genera key); Wheeler, W.M. 1935a: 6 (genera key); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 55 (larvae, review & synthesis); Bolton, 1981a: 44, 46 (review of tribe, diagnosis, Afrotropical species revision, key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 16 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1050 (census); Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 78 (China species key); Schödl, 1998: 361 (Oriental species revision, key); Shattuck, 1999: 141 (Australia synopsis); Bolton, 2003: 67, 242 (diagnosis, synopsis); Andersen, 2006: 158 (Australia species groups key); Schödl, 2007: 373 (M. diversus group key); Heterick, 2009: 151 (south-western Australia species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014c: 814 (India species key); Boudinot & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Malagasy species revision, male diagnosis, species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014 PDF (India species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 209 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

A Meranoplus shield ant carries a bit of soil from a nest excavation. Peebinga Conservation Park, South Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea
Indomalaya Region: Borneo, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
Malagasy Region: Madagascar
Palearctic Region: China, Saudi Arabia

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Meranoplus   Smith, F., 1876, Descriptions of new species of Cryptoceridae, belonging to the genera Cryptocerus, Meranoplus and Cataulacus., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 9, pp. 603-612: 609-610, (download) 609-610 2610
Meranoplus   Dlussky, G. M. & Radchenko, A. G., 1990, [The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Vietnam. Subfamily Pseudomyrmicinae. Subfamily Myrmicinae (tribes Calyptomyrmecini, Meranoplini, Cataulacini).], [News of faunistics and systematics.], Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pp. 119-125: 124-125, (download) 124-125 21374
Basiceros   Feitosa, R. M., Brandão, C. R. F. & Dietz, B. H., 2007, Basiceros scambognathus (Brown, 1949) n. comb., with the worker and male descriptions, and a revised generic diagnosis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Papeis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia 47, pp. 15-26: 17-19, (download) 17-19 21210
Meranoplus   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 193, (download) 193 8127
Meranoplus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 183-184, (download) 183-184 20597
Meranoplus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 147-148, (download) 147-148 6734
Meranoplus   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 19, (download) 19 23462

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