Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:

Genus: Labidus   Jurine, 1807 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 7 valid species, 2 valid subspecies

Labidus Jurine, 1807 PDF: 282. Type-species: Labidus latreillii (junior synonym of Formica coeca), by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Labidus in Dorylidae: Leach, 1815: 147 [Dorylida]; Haliday, 1836: 331; Shuckard, 1840a PDF: 196; Smith, 1859c PDF: 1; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 259.
Labidus in Dorylinae: Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16 [Dorylidae]; Forel, 1878c PDF: 365 (footnote) [Dorylidae]; Brady et al., 2014 PDF: 5.
Labidus as junior synonym of Eciton: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 1.
Labidus as genus: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 282; Shuckard, 1840a PDF: 196; Borgmeier, 1953 PDF: 4; Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 80; Smith, 1958c PDF: 108; all subsequent authors.
Genus Labidus references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 21, 41 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424, 436 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 259 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1910b PDF: 21 (diagnosis, catalogue); Gallardo, 1920 PDF: 312 (Argentina species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 62 (North America species key); Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 80, 84 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 126 (Neotropical catalogue); Watkins, 1976 PDF: 8 (all species key); Smith, 1979: 1327 (North America catalogue); Watkins, 1982 PDF: 209 (Mexico species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 219 (catalogue); Palacio, 1999: 153 (Colombia species key); Borowiec, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427 PDF: 144 (worker, male diagnosis); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 133 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Labidus coecus workers repair damage to a tunnel. Maquipucuna Reserve, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Nearctic, Neotropical bioregions (based on species list records).

Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela


Key to species, based on males (translated and adapted from Borgmeier 1955 by B.E. Boudinot)

1 Mandibular apex pointed: Lateral and medial margins of mandible tapering to apex in dorsal view ... 2
- Mandibular apex truncate: Lateral and medial margins angled subapically ... 4
2 Anterior clypeal margin more-or-less concave ... L. coecus
- Anterior clypeal margin convex ... 3
3 Anterior clypeal margin strongly convex. Body black or dark brown. Ocelli smaller ... L. curvipes
- Anterior clypeal margin weakly convex. Body reddish yellow. Ocelli larger ... L. auropubens
4 Anterior clypeal margin strongly convex ... L. truncatidens
- Anterior clypeal margin linear or concave ... 5
5 Ventral face of metatibia with somewhat flat ventral furrow; anteroventral margin of furrow with sharp ridge ... L. praedator
- Ventral face of metatibia rounded; anteroventral margin without ridge ... L. nero


Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3:1-720.

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Enlarge Map