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Genus: Iridomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 79 species, 1 subspecies

Fossil: 5 species

Iridomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 653 (diagnosis in key), 702. Type-species: Formica detecta(junior synonym of Formica purpurea), by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 297. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Iridomyrmex references
Roger, 1863b: 13 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 10 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 76 (diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 381 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 257 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 168 (catalogue); Forel, 1895f PDF: 467 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 298 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 21 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 145 (diagnosis); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 341 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 188 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 250 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 124 (Neotropical catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1417 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 96 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 30 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Shattuck, 1992a PDF: 14 (diagnosis); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 101 (diagnosis, review of genus); Shattuck, 1993a PDF: 118 (Iridomyrmex purpureus group, key); Shattuck, 1993b PDF: 1306 (Iridomyrmex calvus group, key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 99 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 217 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1996A PDF: 37 (Iridomyrmex discors group); Shattuck, 1998: 303 (Iridomyrmex conifer group, key); Shattuck, 1999: 72 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 48 (south-western Australia species key); Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 22 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 118 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

The scientific name of Australian meat ants is Iridomyrmex, or "rainbow ants", referring to their blue-green iridescent sheen. (I. purpureus). Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.


   Genus is native to: Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania bioregions (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Australian Capital Territory, Barrow Island, Central, Chimbu, East Sepik, Eastern Highlands, Guadalcanal, Lord Howe Island, Madang, Maluku, Manus, Morobe, National Capital, New Caledonia, New Ireland, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Northern, Northern Territory, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Oceania, Papua, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Sud, Tasmania, Timor-Leste, Victoria, West New Britain, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Asia, Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Lampung, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Singapore, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Yunnan
Nearctic Region: Colorado, North America, United States
Neotropical Region: Americas
Oceania Region: Airai, Arno, Ba, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Majuro, Marshall Islands, Melanesia, Melekeok, Micronesia, Micronesia, Ngardmau, Ngatpang, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pohnpei, Polynesia, Ra, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna
Palearctic Region: China, Eastern Asia, United Arab Emirates, Western Asia

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Iridomyrmex   Forel, A., 1912, H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute: Formicidae (Hym.)., Entomologische Mitteilungen 1, pp. 45-81: 81, (download) 81 4035
Iridomyrmex   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 33, (download) 33 6175
Iridomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 702, (download) 702 4445

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