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Genus: Harpegnathos   Jerdon, 1851 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

7 species, 4 subspecies

Harpegnathos Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 116 . Type-species: Harpegnathos saltator, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Harpegnathos in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1910a: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 58 [subtribe Harpegnathini]; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237; Wheeler, 1922: 646; all subsequent authors.
Harpegnathos as junior synonym of Drepanognathus: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 22 (priority error); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 49 (priority error).
Genus Harpegnathos references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06] 128094: 22 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDF 127213: 408, 422 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14] PDF 127193: 14 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDF 124002: 22 (catalogue); Forel, 1900dForel, A. 1900d. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VI. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 13:52-65. [1900-04-15] PDF 125099: 63 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDF 122766: 50 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911eEmery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118:1-125. [1911-09-09] PDF 124702: 58 (diagnosis, catalogue); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDF 123583: 66 (Asia checklist); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25] 122834: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 212 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDF 130789: 162 (synopsis); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014Schmidt, C. A.; Shattuck, S. O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817(1):1-242. PDF 142616: 53 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations)

Taxon Page Images:



Hunting technique in Harpegnathos saltator jumping ants: snare the prey with tiny barbs on the long mandibles and reach around with the stinger to find a soft spot. Laboratory colony at Arizona State University, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Harpegnathos saltator worker returning to ground nest with kill, 1300m Kerala, Western Ghats, India. Dr.Kalesh Sadasivan.2015

Distribution:


Eurasian Region: China
Pacific Islands Region: Indonesia, Malaysia
South East Asia Region: Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand

Biology:

In H. saltator, both winged queens and gamergates (mated egglaying workers) reproduce in the same colonies.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2015-05-07 19:11:39 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images
On 2015-05-07 19:09:08 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images
On 2015-05-07 19:06:09 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images
...

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127

HarpegnathosHNS, New Genus ,

Gen: Char: Jaws scythe shaped, pointed, and finely serrated; head oblong, notched behind; eyes very large situated at the anterior extremity of the head; antennae rising between the eyes; abdominal pedicle slightly raised.

I cannot class this remarkable ant as an OdontomachusHNS, and have therefore been compelled to institute a new genus for its reception; some of the characters given may not be generic, but till other species are discovered it is difficult to say which are, and which are not of generic value.

(-1 examples)



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