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Extant: 9 valid species, 4 valid subspecies
|Harpegnathos in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 58 [subtribe Harpegnathini]; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237; Wheeler, 1922: 646; all subsequent authors.|
Hunting technique in Harpegnathos saltator jumping ants: snare the prey with tiny barbs on the long mandibles and reach around with the stinger to find a soft spot. Laboratory colony at Arizona State University, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.
In H. saltator, both winged queens and gamergates (mated egglaying workers) reproduce in the same colonies.
Gen: Char: Jaws scythe shaped, pointed, and finely serrated; head oblong, notched behind; eyes very large situated at the anterior extremity of the head; antennae rising between the eyes; abdominal pedicle slightly raised.
I cannot class this remarkable ant as an OdontomachusHNS, and have therefore been compelled to institute a new genus for its reception; some of the characters given may not be generic, but till other species are discovered it is difficult to say which are, and which are not of generic value.