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Genus: Harpegnathos   Jerdon, 1851 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

7 species, 4 subspecies

Harpegnathos Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 116 . Type-species: Harpegnathos saltator, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Harpegnathos in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1910a: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 58 [subtribe Harpegnathini]; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237; Wheeler, 1922: 646; all subsequent authors.
Harpegnathos as junior synonym of Drepanognathus: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 22 (priority error); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 49 (priority error).
Genus Harpegnathos references
Roger, 1863b: 22 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 408, 422 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 14 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 22 (catalogue); Forel, 1900d PDF: 63 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 50 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 58 (diagnosis, catalogue); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 66 (Asia checklist); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 212 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 162 (synopsis); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 53 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations)

Taxon Page Images:

Hunting technique in Harpegnathos saltator jumping ants: snare the prey with tiny barbs on the long mandibles and reach around with the stinger to find a soft spot. Laboratory colony at Arizona State University, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Harpegnathos saltator worker returning to ground nest with kill, 1300m Kerala, Western Ghats, India. Dr.Kalesh Sadasivan.2015


In H. saltator, both winged queens and gamergates (mated egglaying workers) reproduce in the same colonies.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2015-05-07 19:11:39 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images
On 2015-05-07 19:09:08 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images
On 2015-05-07 19:06:09 Kalesh Sadasivan modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127

HarpegnathosHNS, New Genus ,

Gen: Char: Jaws scythe shaped, pointed, and finely serrated; head oblong, notched behind; eyes very large situated at the anterior extremity of the head; antennae rising between the eyes; abdominal pedicle slightly raised.

I cannot class this remarkable ant as an OdontomachusHNS, and have therefore been compelled to institute a new genus for its reception; some of the characters given may not be generic, but till other species are discovered it is difficult to say which are, and which are not of generic value.

(-1 examples)

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