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Genus: Dolichoderus   Lund, 1831 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Extant: 132 species, 20 subspecies

Fossil: 49 species

Dolichoderus Lund, 1831a PDF: 130 . Type-species: Formica attelaboides, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Dolichoderus in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Dolichoderus in Dolichoderinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 386 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 455 [Dolichoderidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 156; Forel, 1895b PDF: 107 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771; Forel, 1895f PDF: 462; Forel, 1899B: 98; Wheeler, 1910a: 142.
Genus Dolichoderus references
Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06] 128094: 10, 14, 15 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis catalogues); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDF 127213: 407, 423 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14] PDF 127193: 9 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea diagnoses); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDF 127217: 75 (Hypoclinea diagnosis); Mayr, 1868cMayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Preussens 1:1-102. [1868] PDF 127226: 54 (*Baltic Amber species key); Mayr, 1870bMayr, G. 1870b. Neue Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20:939-996. [1870] PDF 127229: 955 (Hypoclinea species key); Mayr, 1876Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 12:56-115. [1876] PDF 127196: 79 (Australia species key); André, 1882b: 225 (Europe & Algeria species); Mayr, 1886dMayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 36:419-464. [1886-12] PDF 127240: 435 (U.S.A. species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDF 123936: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDF 124002: 156 (catalogue); Forel, 1895fForel, A. 1895f. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part V. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 9:453-472. [1895-06-20] PDF 125069: 462 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDF 122766: 292 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, 1905gWheeler, W. M. 1905g. The North American ants of the genus Dolichoderus. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21:305-319. [1905-11-11] PDF 130000: 306 (North America species key); Emery, 1913aEmery, C. 1913a ("1912"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137:1-50. [1913-03-08] PDF 124711: 7 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1913aEmery, C. 1913a ("1912"). Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137:1-50. [1913-03-08] PDF 124711: 9, 10 (Dolichoderus (Monacis), Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea), catalogues); Mann, 1916Mann, W. M. 1916. The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60:399-490. [1916-09] PDF 127070: 460 (Brazil Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) species key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 688 (subgenera key); Clark, 1930bClark, J. 1930b. The Australian ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Formicidae). Sugenus Hypoclinea Mayr. Australian Zoologist 6:252-268. [1930-08-20] PDF 123645: 253 (Australia Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDF 123910: 333 (North America Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDF 123583: 181 (Asia checklist); Kempf, 1959cKempf, W. W. 1959c. A revision of the Neotropical ant genus Monacis Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)2:225-270. [1959-09-29] 126314: 230 (Monacis, all species revision, key); Wheeler, J. 1963: 149 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDF 122660: 249 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1969Kempf, W. W. 1969. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. V. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 12:273-296. [1969-11-28] PDF 126303: 292 (Neotropical Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDF 126357: 98, 118, 141 (Neotropical Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis, catalogues); Kempf, 1972gKempf, W. W. 1972g. A new species of the dolichoderine ant genus Monacis Roger, from the Amazon, with further remarks on the genus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 32:251-254. [1972-08] PDF 126362: 253 (Monacis species, additions to 1959a key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979] 128659: 1415 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985] 129218: 93 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDF 129202: 24 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Harada, 1987Harada, A. Y. 1987. Uma nova espécie do gênero Monacis Roger, da Amazônia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Amazonica 16/17:599-606. [1987-10] PDF 125755: 602 (Monacis species key); Lattke, 1987bLattke, J. E. 1987b ("1986"). Notes on the ant genus Hypoclinea Mayr, with descriptions of three new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Biología Tropical 34:259-265. [1987-08] PDF 126819: 263 (Neotropical Dolichoderus bispinosus group, key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>] 124165: 78 (synoptic classification); Johnson, 1989aJohnson, C. 1989a. Identification and nesting sites of North American species of Dolichoderus Lund (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 3:1-9. [1989-03] PDF 126185: 5 (U.S.A. species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. 122852: 17 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDF 122994: 340, 347, 356 (Neotropical catalogue); Shattuck, 1992cShattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21:1-181. [1992] PDF 128605: 66 (diagnosis, review of genus); MacKay, 1993bMacKay, W. P. 1993b. A review of the New World ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 22:1-148. [1993] PDF 127016: 17 (New World, all species revision, key); Radchenko, 1994bRadchenko, A. G. 1994b. Identification table for the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of southern Siberia. [In Russian.]. Pp. 95-118 in: Kotenko, A. G. (ed.) 1994. Hymenopterous insects of Siberia and the Far East. [In Russian.]. Trudy Zapovednika "Daurskii" 3:1-147. [1994-06-10>] 127961: 112 (South Siberia species key); Shattuck, 1994Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 112:i-xix, 1-241. [1994-01] PDF 128601: 39 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 172 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06] 130487: 120 (China species key); Xu, 1995aXu, Z. 1995a. A taxonomic study of the ant genus Dolichoderus Lund in China (Hymenoptera Formicidae Dolichoderinae). [In Chinese.]. Journal of Southwest Forestry College 15:33-39. [1995-03] PDF 130501: 34 (China species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01] 132308: 68 (Australia synopsis); Xu, 2001BXu, Z.-H. 2001B. Two new species of the ant genus Dolichoderus Lund from Yunnan, China (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 26:355-360. [2001-07] PDF 132659: 356 (China species key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDF 132709: 153 (China, Guangxi species key); Dill, 2002Dill, M. 2002. Taxonomy of the migrating herdsmen species of the genus Dolichoderus Lund, 1831, with remarks on the systematics of other southeast-Asian Dolichoderus. Pp. 17-113 in: Dill, M.; Williams, D. J.; Maschwitz, U. 2002. Herdsmen ants and their mealybug partners. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 557:1-373. [2002-12-18] PDF 131098: 21, 30 (southeast Asia species groups key, Dolichoderus cuspidatus group revision, key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003Dlussky, G. M.; Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2003 ("2002"). Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Formation Green River and some other Middle Eocene deposits of North America. Russian Entomological Journal 11:411-436. [2003-06] PDF 131135: 416 (diagnosis for impression fossils); Dlussky, 2002ADlussky, G. M. 2002A. Ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Baltic and Rovno ambers. [In Russian.]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 2002(1):54-68. [2001-12-04>] PDF 131116: 54 (Baltic & Rovno amber species); Dlussky, 2008CDlussky, G. M. 2008C. New species of ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Late Eocene Ambers of Europe. [In Russian.]. Vestnik Zoologii 42(6):497-514. [2008] PDF 131122: 509 (Europe Eocene amber species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDF 131481: 45 (south-western Australia species key); Ortiz & Fernández, 2011Ortiz, C. M.; Fernández, F. 2011. Hormigas del género Dolichoderus Lund (Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) en Colombia. (Monografías de Fauna de Colombia 3). Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 116 pp. [2011] PDF 142721: 24 (Colombia species key); Ortega-De Santiago & Vásquez-Bolaños, 2012Ortega-De Santiago, J. L.; Vásquez-Bolaños, M. 2012. Especie nueva de Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco y nuevos registros para México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 83:1004-1008. PDF 142317: 1008 (Mexico species key); Shattuck & Marsden, 2013Shattuck, S. O.; Marsden, S. 2013. Australian species of the ant genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3716(2):101-143. [2013-09-23] PDF 142493: 104 (diagnosis, Australia species key, revision); Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015Dlussky, G. M.; Rasnitsyn, A. P.; Perfilieva, K. S. 2015. The ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Bol’shaya Svetlovodnaya (Late Eocene of Sikhote-Alin, Russian Far East). Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 11(1):131-152. [2015-08-31] PDF 142813: 134 (diagosis for fossil imprints).

Taxon Page Images:

Her nest disturbed by the photographer, a Dolichoderus attelaboides worker stands guard. Morretes, Paraná, Brazil.
Image © Alex Wild.


Australian Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Queensland, Western Australia
Eurasian Region: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, North Korea, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alberta, Arkansas, Canada, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
Pacific Islands Region: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
South East Asia Region: Borneo, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Xishuangbanna

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-22 05:02:00 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-22 04:59:41 Zach Lieberman modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Brown, W. L., 1950, Morphological, taxonomic and other notes on ants., Wasmann Journal of Biology 8, pp. 241-250

DolichoderusHNS Lund.

This genus has been accepted as containing several subgenera but it appears that generic rank is indicated for certain of these. In the New World, at least, DolichoderusHNS, MonacisHNS, and HypoclineaHNS appear distinct as good genera. The Indo-Australian forms probably can be split into several good genera along approximately the present subgeneric lines. The best provisional treatment would be that of according generic rank to all present subgenera. DolichoderusHNS (s. str.) appears the most distinct of all these groups and possibly the most primitive. Specialists in the Indo-Australian fauna can best decide for the present what the status of their part of the fauna is to be, but it does not seem logical to involve any of the Old World forms with any group occurring in the New World except HypoclineaHNS.

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