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Genus: Cyphomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 23 valid species

Fossil: 2 valid species

Cyphomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 651 (diagnosis in key), 690. Type-species: Cyphomyrmex minutus, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Cryptocerus rimosus, unjustified subsequent designation by Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 161. Type-species not Meranoplus difformis, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1924f PDF: 340.].
Cyphomyrmex as junior synonym of Cataulacus: Roger, 1863b PDF: 39.
Cyphomyrmex as subgenus of Atta: Forel, 1912f PDF: 188.
Cyphomyrmex as genus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 690; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 406; Emery, 1913c PDF: 251; Bruch, 1914 PDF: 217; Emery, 1914e: 42; Wheeler, 1922: 669; Emery, 1924f PDF: 339; all subsequent authors.
Genus Cyphomyrmex references
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 406 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 25 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1887 PDF: 556 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 149 (catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 340 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Kusnezov, 1949d PDF: 436 (Argentina species key); Weber, 1940b PDF: 408 (all species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 316 (North America species key); Kusnezov, 1957e PDF: 9 (Neotropical species, partial key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 30 (species groups); Kempf, 1964d PDF: 5 (Cyphomyrmex strigatus group revision, key); Kempf, 1966 PDF: 161 (Cyphomyrmex rimosus group revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 92 (Neotropical catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1410 (North America catalogue); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 339 (catalogue); Snelling & Longino, 1992 PDF: 480 (Cyphomyrmex rimosus group revision, key); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 167 (catalogue); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 38 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 197 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Some Cyphomyrmex species cultivate their fungus as a yeast, visible here as little white globules. Mindo, Ecuador
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Nearctic, Neotropical bioregions (based on species list records).

Malagasy Region: Reunion
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Snelling, R. R. & Longino, J. T., 1992, Revisionary notes on the fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex, rimosus-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Attini)., Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies., Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 479-494: 479-484, (download) 479-484 13137
Cyphomyrmex   Kempf, W. W., 1964, A revision of the Neotropical fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex Mayr. Part I. Group of strigatus Mayr (Hym., Formicidae)., Studia Entomologica (N. S.) 7, pp. 1-44: 3-7, (download) 3-7 4576
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 690, (download) 690 4445
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 32, (download) 32 21008
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367


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