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Genus: Cardiocondyla   Emery, 1869 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 72 valid species, 2 valid subspecies

Cardiocondyla Emery, 1869b PDF: 20. Type-species: Cardiocondyla elegans, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Cardiocondyla in Myrmicinae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70.
Cardiocondyla in Myrmicinae, Cardiocondylini: Emery, 1914e: 40; Arnold, 1916 PDF: 200; Forel, 1917 PDF: 242; Emery, 1922c PDF: 124; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (anachronism); Jaffe, 1993: 10 (anachronism).
Genus Cardiocondyla references
André, 1883a: 327 (Europe & Algeria species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 688 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 287 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 623 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909a PDF: 20 (Palaearctic species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 200 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922c PDF: 124 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 126 (Xenometra diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 149, 827, 1021 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 37 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1934: 114 (Ukraine species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 172 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1944a PDF: 32 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 197 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 83 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1956c PDF: 301 (Palaearctic species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 158 (Xenometra diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 73, 259 (Neotropical Cardiocondyla, Xenometra catalogues); Alayo, 1974 PDF: 12 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 71 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1375 (North America catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 309 (diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Kugler, 1984 PDF: 17 (males, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 256 (Saudi Arabia species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 276 (Balkans species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 193 (Turkmenistan species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 31 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 172 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 42 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 132 (catalogue); Radchenko, 1995g PDF: 452 (Palaearctic species key); MacKay, 1995 PDF: 170 (New World species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 68 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 326 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama, 1999D PDF: 99 (Japan species, review); Shattuck, 1999: 129 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 85 (China, Guangxi species key); Rigato, 2002 PDF: 172 (Afrotropical species key); Seifert, 2003A PDF: 292 (Cardiocondyla elegans, Cardiocondyla bulgarica, Cardiocondyla batesii, Cardiocondyla nuda, Cardiocondyla shuckardi, Cardiocondyla stambuloffii, Cardiocondyla wroughtonii, Cardiocondyla emeryi, Cardiocondyla minutior groups revision, key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 179 (Taiwan species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 72 (Fiji species key); André, 1883a: 327 (Europe & Algeria species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 688 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 287 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 623 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909a PDF: 20 (Palaearctic species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 200 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922c PDF: 124 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 126 (Xenometra diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 149, 827, 1021 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 37 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1934: 114 (Ukraine species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 172 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1944a PDF: 32 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 197 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 83 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1956c PDF: 301 (Palaearctic species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 158 (Xenometra diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 73, 259 (Neotropical Cardiocondyla, Xenometra catalogues); Alayo, 1974 PDF: 12 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 71 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1375 (North America catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 309 (diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Kugler, 1984 PDF: 17 (males, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 256 (Saudi Arabia species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 276 (Balkans species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 193 (Turkmenistan species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 31 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 172 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 42 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 132 (catalogue); Radchenko, 1995g PDF: 452 (Palaearctic species key); MacKay, 1995 PDF: 170 (New World species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 68 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 326 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama, 1999D PDF: 99 (Japan species, review); Shattuck, 1999: 129 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 85 (China, Guangxi species key); Rigato, 2002 PDF: 172 (Afrotropical species key); Seifert, 2003A PDF: 292 (Cardiocondyla elegans, Cardiocondyla bulgarica, Cardiocondyla batesii, Cardiocondyla nuda, Cardiocondyla shuckardi, Cardiocondyla stambuloffii, Cardiocondyla wroughtonii, Cardiocondyla emeryi, Cardiocondyla minutior groups revision, key); Siefert et al., 2017 10.11646/zootaxa.4290.2.4. PDF: 324 (Cardiocondyla nuda group revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 192 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Cardiocondyla emeryi Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Indomalaya Region: Borneo, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand
Malagasy Region: Chagos Islands, Comoros, Europa Island, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Bahamas, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
Oceania Region: Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, Kiribati, Micronesia, Palau, Samoa
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Egypt, France, Greece, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Macaronesia, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Cardiocondyla   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 50, (download) 50 21622
Cardiocondyla   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 149, (download) 149 20597
Cardiocondyla   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 159-160, (download) 159-160 6734
Cardiocondyla   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154, (download) 154 21820
Cardiocondyla   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 31-32, (download) 31-32 21008
Cardiocondyla   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 13, (download) 13 23462
Cardiocondyla   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 160-161, (download) 160-161 6734
Cardiocondyla   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154, (download) 154 21820


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