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Genus: Cardiocondyla   Emery, 1869 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

72 species, 2 subspecies

Cardiocondyla Emery, 1869b PDF: 20. Type-species: Cardiocondyla elegans, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Genus Cardiocondyla references
André, 1883a: 327 (Europe & Algeria species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 688 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 287 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 623 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909a PDF: 20 (Palaearctic species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 200 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922c PDF: 124 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 126 (Xenometra diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 149, 827, 1021 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 37 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1934: 114 (Ukraine species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 172 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1944a PDF: 32 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 197 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 83 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1956c PDF: 301 (Palaearctic species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 158 (Xenometra diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 73, 259 (Neotropical Cardiocondyla, Xenometra catalogues); Alayo, 1974: 12 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 71 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1375 (North America catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 309 (diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Kugler, 1984 PDF: 17 (males, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 256 (Saudi Arabia species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 276 (Balkans species key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990 PDF: 193 (Turkmenistan species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 31 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 172 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 42 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 132 (catalogue); Radchenko, 1995g PDF: 452 (Palaearctic species key); MacKay, 1995 PDF: 170 (New World species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 68 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 326 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama, 1999D PDF: 99 (Japan species, review); Shattuck, 1999: 129 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 85 (China, Guangxi species key); Rigato, 2002 PDF: 172 (Afrotropical species key); Seifert, 2003A PDF: 292 (Cardiocondyla elegans, Cardiocondyla bulgarica, Cardiocondyla batesii, Cardiocondyla nuda, Cardiocondyla shuckardi, Cardiocondyla stambuloffii, Cardiocondyla wroughtonii, Cardiocondyla emeryi, Cardiocondyla minutior groups revision, key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 179 (Taiwan species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 72 (Fiji species key); André, 1883a: 327 (Europe & Algeria species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 70 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 688 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 287 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 623 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909a PDF: 20 (Palaearctic species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 200 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922c PDF: 124 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 126 (Xenometra diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 149, 827, 1021 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 37 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1934: 114 (Ukraine species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 172 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1944a PDF: 32 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 197 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 83 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1956c PDF: 301 (Palaearctic species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 158 (Xenometra diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 73, 259 (Neotropical Cardiocondyla, Xenometra catalogues); Alayo, 1974: 12 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 71 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1375 (North America catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 309 (diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Kugler, 1984 PDF: 17 (males, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 256 (Saudi Arabia species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 276 (Balkans species key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990 PDF: 193 (Turkmenistan species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 31 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 172 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 42 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 132 (catalogue); Radchenko, 1995g PDF: 452 (Palaearctic species key); MacKay, 1995 PDF: 170 (New World species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 68 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 326 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama, 1999D PDF: 99 (Japan species, review); Shattuck, 1999: 129 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 85 (China, Guangxi species key); Rigato, 2002 PDF: 172 (Afrotropical species key); Seifert, 2003A PDF: 292 (Cardiocondyla elegans, Cardiocondyla bulgarica, Cardiocondyla batesii, Cardiocondyla nuda, Cardiocondyla shuckardi, Cardiocondyla stambuloffii, Cardiocondyla wroughtonii, Cardiocondyla emeryi, Cardiocondyla minutior groups revision, key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 179 (Taiwan species key) Siefert, Okita & Heinze, 2017 10.11646/zootaxa.4290.2.4. PDF: 324 (Cardiocondyla nuda group revision, key).

Taxon Page Images:



Cardiocondyla emeryi Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

(based on species list records)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Africa, Angola, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Eastern Africa, Estuaire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Gauteng, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kakamega, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Middle Africa, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Mtwara, Namibia, Nigeria, Ogooué-Maritime, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Western, Western Africa, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Australian Capital Territory, Bay of Plenty, Central, Chimbu, Guadalcanal, Gulf, Madang, Makira-Ulawa, Maluku, Maluku Utara, Manus, Morobe, National Capital, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Northern, Northern Territory, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Oceania, Papua, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Sud, Vanuatu, Victoria, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, Goa, India, Indonesia, Kerala, Krakatau Islands, Laguna, Lampung, Lanao del Sur, Laos, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tamil Nadu, Temburong, Thailand, Vietnam, West Bengal, Yunnan
Malagasy Region: Anjouan, Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Chagos Islands, Comoros, Europa Island, Fianarantsoa, Grande Comore, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mohéli, Reunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles, Toamasina, Toliara
Nearctic Region: California, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, North America, Texas, United States
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Americas, Anguilla, Aragua, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahia, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Caribbean, Central America, Chiapas, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Espírito Santo, Francisco Morazán, Galapagos Islands, Galápagos, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guantánamo, Guatemala, Guerrero, Haiti, Heredia, Holguín, Honduras, Jalisco, Jamaica, Jinotega, La Vega, Lempira, Limón, Martinique, Matagalpa, Mexico, Minas Gerais, Morelos, Nacional, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Olancho, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Sacatepéquez, Saint James, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Cristóbal, San José de Ocoa, Sinaloa, South America, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Veracruz, Yucatán
Oceania Region: American Samoa, Ba, Cakaudrove, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kadavu, Kiribati, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Marshall Islands, Melanesia, Micronesia, Micronesia, Naitasiri, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Peleliu, Phoenix Islands, Pitcairn, Pohnpei, Polynesia, Ra, Rewa, Samoa, Serua, Sonsorol, Tailevu, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuamasaga, Wallis and Futuna
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Al Bahah, Algeria, Alicante, Andalusia, Ar Riyad, Armenia, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Burgas, Central Asia, China, Crete, Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Egypt, Europe, France, Fārs, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kairouan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Lombardia, Lorestān, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Murcia, Northern Africa, Oman, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Shizuoka, Slovenia, South Korea, Southern Europe, Spain, Switzerland, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Valencia, Western Asia, Western Europe, Yemen, Zanjān

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Cardiocondyla   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 50, (download) 50 21622
Cardiocondyla   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 149, (download) 149 20597
Cardiocondyla   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 159-160, (download) 159-160 6734
Cardiocondyla   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154, (download) 154 21820
Cardiocondyla   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 31-32, (download) 31-32 21008
Cardiocondyla   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 13, (download) 13 23462
Cardiocondyla   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 160-161, (download) 160-161 6734
Cardiocondyla   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154, (download) 154 21820


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