Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:

Species: Tetramorium bicarinatum   (Nylander, 1846) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Myrmica bicarinata Nylander, 1846b PDF: 1061 (w.q.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1891c PDF: 151 (m., misidentified as Tetramorium guineense); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1954d PDF: 449 (l., misidentified as Tetramorium guineense); Wheeler, 1924d PDF: 136 (gynandromorph, misidentified as Tetramorium guineense).
Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 740; Bolton, 1977 PDF: 94.
Junior synonym of Formica guineensis Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 357 (now in Pheidole): Mayr, 1862 PDF: 740.
Revived from synonymy and senior synonym of Tetramorium cariniceps (and its junior synonym Tetramorium kollari), Tetramorium modesta Smith, Tetramorium reticulata: Bolton, 1977 PDF: 94.
[Note. The names Tetramorium cariniceps, Tetramorium kollari and Tetramorium reticulata had previously been incorrectly synonymised with Tetramorium guineensis Fabricius by Roger, 1862c PDF: 293; Tetramorium modesta Smith was wrongly synonymised with Tetramorium guineensis by Donisthorpe, 1932c PDF: 463.].


Region: Cape Verde, Eritrea, Ghana
Region: Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Queensland, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Western Australia
Region: Austria, Belgium, China, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Japan, Macaronesia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Region: Comoros, Europa Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Region: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, United States
Region: Aruba, Barbados, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago
Region: American Samoa, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga
Region: Florida Keys, Port of Entry
Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Malaysia, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Xishuangbanna

Distribution Notes:

One record from Wallonia, only indoors


urban areas


Introduced species, although California is the type locality (leg. R. F. Sahlberg, in 1840) (Nylander (1846:1061).


first record in NZ; 1959 (Taylor 1961)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tetramorium bicarinatum   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Tetramorium bicarinatum   Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181: 164-165, (download) 164-165 6435

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 35 times found in forest edge, open area, 24 times found in coastal scrub, 33 times found in disturbed forest, 34 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 29 times found in urban/garden, 14 times found in rainforest, 17 times found in secondary forest, 13 times found in dry forest, 11 times found in roadside, 10 times found in urban garden, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 47 times Malaise, 35 times miniWinkler, 12 times hand collection, 16 times aspirating; PB bait, 7 times beating low vegetation, 11 times Malaise trap, 10 times aspirating; PB & maple syrup bait, 7 times search, 7 times at light, 3 times aspirating, 7 times davis-sifting; incidental aspirated, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1582 meters, 291 meters average

Type specimens: syntype: casent0235201, casent0235209, casent0235210; syntype of Myrmica kollari: casent0235199, casent0235200; syntype of Myrmica modesta: casent0901374; syntype of Myrmica reticulata: casent0901076

(-1 examples)

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Enlarge Map