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Species: Tetramorium (tortuosum) andrei

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Tetramorium (Xiphomyrmex) andrei Forel, 1892o: 263 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Malagasy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Combination in Xiphomyrmex: Wheeler, 1922: 1031; in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 143.
Senior synonym of Tetramorium robustior: Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012b: 26.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Bolton, B., 1979:
(Fig. 14)
Tetramorium {Xiphomyrmex) andrei Forel , 1891 b: 263. Syntype workers, Madagascar: Bezanozano nr Nosibe, ESE. of Antananarivo (Sikora) (MHN, Geneva) [examined].
Worker . TL 4.3 - 4.8, HL 1.04 - 1.08, HW 0.92 - 0.96, CI 87 - 90, SL 0.80 - 0.84, SI 86 - 89, PW 0.70 - 0.72, AL 1.30 - 1.34 (6 measured).
Mandibles striate; median clypeal carina acute. Frontal carinae long and strong, diverging towards the occipital corners behind the level of the eyes but merging into the sculpture before reaching the occipital margin. Antennal scrobes a groove capable of containing the scape. Metanotal groove absent, not impressed in profile. Propodeal spines long and acute, the metapleural lobes short and triangular. Petiole node in profile longer than high, flat-topped or feebly convex dorsally, in dorsal view as long as or longer than broad. Dorsum of head regularly longitudinally rugose; dorsal alitrunk similarly sculptured but with some reticulation towards the sides on the pronotum. Petiole and postpetiole with rugose sculpture which is predominantly longitudinal. Gaster unsculptured except for pits from which hairs arise; these are more conspicuous in some specimens than in others. Dorsal surfaces of head and body all with numerous long, fine, erect to suberect hairs. Leading edges of antennal scape with suberect short, curved hairs. Colour light red-brown.
Of the tortuosum-group species on Madagascar andrei is most closely related to robustior , originally described as an infraspecific variant of andrei , and rather more distantly to latreillei and kelleri . Differences from robustior are listed under that species. T. andrei is distinguished easily from latreillei as the latter lacks hairs on the first gastral tergite and does not have standing hairs on the antennal scapes. T. kelleri , on the other hand, has abundant long hairs, the longest on the scapes being much greater than the maximum scapai width. Also, the node shape of the petiole is radically different, compare Figs 13 and 14.
Material examined
Madagascar: no loc. (Staudinger); no loc. (ex coll. Mayr); Ampasimbe, prov. Tamatave (J. M. Betsch).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 78 times found in rainforest, 41 times found in montane rainforest, 10 times found in rainforest, transition to montane forest, 4 times found in littoral rainforest, 1 times found in littoral forest, 5 times found in montane forest, 3 times found in transition humid forest, 1 times found in montane rainforest, marsh edge

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 15 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 7 times MW 25 sample transect, 5m, 4 times 10 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 5 times 03 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 6 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times 7 MaxiWinks, 2 times 10 maxi winks, 6 times pitfall trap, PF 50 tube sample transect, 5m, 2 times 9 Maxi winklers, 3 times MW 75 sample transect, 5,10m, 1 times MW, 10 sifted litter, ...

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1625 meters, 725 meters average

Type specimens: lectotype of Tetramorium andrei: casent0101821; paralectotype of Tetramorium andrei: casent0101281, casent0101282; syntype of the synonym Tetramorium robustior: casent0101279, casent0101280

(-1 examples)



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