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|Emery, 1887a PDF: 249 (m.); Forel, 1891c PDF: 102 (q.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1951 PDF: 197 (l.); Crozier, 1970a PDF: 119 (k.).|
|Combination in Micromyrma: Roger, 1862b PDF: 258; in Tapinoma: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 651; in Tapinoma (Micromyrma): Santschi, 1928e PDF: 475.|
|Senior synonym of Tapinoma pellucida: Mayr, 1886c PDF: 359; of Tapinoma nana: Emery, 1892c PDF: 166; of Tapinoma familiaris: Forel, 1899B: 101; of Tapinoma australis: Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 80; of Tapinoma australe: Bolton, 1995b: 401.|
|Current subspecies: nominal plus Tapinoma melanocephalum coronatum, Tapinoma melanocephalum malesianum.|
This is a widespread tropical tramp species, introduced throughout the world. Its native range is unknown. It is ubiquitous in non-airconditioned dwellings anywhere in the lowland tropics. Regardless of whether you are in Guinea, New Guinea, or Guyana, if you are sitting at a table with a sugar dispenser you are likely to see workers of T. melanocephalum running about on the surface. They always seem to be able to find their way into the sugar container, and sugar on tropical tables always contains some non-negligible fraction of T. melanocephalum workers. When you put a spoonful of sugar in your drink, you can judge the level of contamination by how many workers are left floating on the surface.
In quantitative biodiversity surveys, this species often has to be excluded from data analysis because the laboratory where samples are processed contains T. melanocephalum as a pest, and contamination of samples occurs.
Although most often found in houses, they can also move out into surrounding vegetation in highly disturbed and highly insolated habitats, opportunistically nesting in small plant cavities. Nests readily relocate, and overnight they can move into a shoe or an umbrella left on a porch.
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download)||-1||21008|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 101-103, (download)||101-103||6734|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 352-353, (download)||352-353||3948|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 36, (download)||36||6175|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Forel, A., 1912, The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M. A. Volume 4, No. 11. Fourmis des Seychelles et des Aldabras, reÃ § ues de M. , Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 15, pp. 159-167: 164, (download)||164||4046|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 25, (download)||25||21367|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. E. Simon à l'île de Ceylan (janvier - février 1892). 3 e Mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 239-258: 11, (download)||11||3767|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Forel, A., 1895, Nouvelles fourmis de diverses provenances, surtout d'Australie., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 39, pp. 41-49: -1, (download)||-1||3954|
|Tapinoma melanocephalum||Espadaler, X., 2007, The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions., Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, pp. 113-127: 117, (download)||117||21278|
Found most commonly in these habitats: 35 times found in urban/garden, 52 times found in mature wet forest, 35 times found in coastal scrub, 25 times found in rainforest, 13 times found in urban garden, 10 times found in secondary thicket and diverse vegetation, 19 times found in dry forest, 18 times found in disturbed forest, 8 times found in tropical dry forest, 11 times found in montane wet forest, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 70 times MiniWinkler, 15 times Berlese, 6 times hand collection, 9 times search, 6 times beating low vegetation, 5 times Winkler, 2 times davis-sifting; incidental aspirated, 3 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 4 times Random coll. Winkler sifting, 3 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 4 times m2 Winkler sifting, ...
Elevations: collected from 1 - 2000 meters, 166 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Myrmica pellucida: casent0901925; syntype of Myrmica pellucida: casent0903062; syntype of Tapinoma melanocephalum australe: casent0911572; syntype of Tapinoma melanocephalum australe: casent0903063