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Species: Polyrhachis militaris   (Fabricius, 1782) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica militaris Fabricius, 1782: 493 (q.) "TROPICAL AFRICA". Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Smith, 1858a PDF: 72 (m.); Mayr, 1866b PDF: 886 (w.).
Combination in Myrma: Billberg, 1820: 104; in Polyrhachis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 72; in Polyrhachis (Myrma): Santschi, 1914b: 140.
Senior synonym of Polyrhachis bruta, Polyrhachis calabarica, Polyrhachis cupreopubescens, Polyrhachis ssibangensis, Polyrhachis striativentris: Bolton, 1973b PDF: 313; of Polyrhachis epinotalis, Polyrhachis nkomoensis: Dorow, 1995 PDF: 36, 37.
Material of the unavailable names Polyrhachis argentatus, Polyrhachis dido, Polyrhachis pleurata, Polyrhachis sankisiana, Polyrhachis transversaria referred here by Bolton, 1973b PDF: 313.


Afrotropical Region: Africa, Angola, Bioko Norte, Bundibugyo, Cameroon, Central, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern Africa, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haut-Katanga, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kakamega, Kenya, Kié-Ntem, Kongo Central, Liberia, Malawi, Margibi, Middle Africa, Morogoro, Mozambique, Niari, Nigeria, Ogooué-Maritime, Sangha-Mbaéré, Sierra Leone, Sofala, South, South-West, Sud-Kivu, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tshopo, Uganda, Vihiga, Western, Western Africa, Woleu-Ntem, Zambia
Palearctic Region: Northern Africa

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1973b


Caste of types: (q)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 73, (download) 73 4018
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 64, (download) 64 3923
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 154, (download) 154 4387
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1866, Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 16, pp. 885-908: 886, (download) 886 4366

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 5 times found in coastal lowland rainforest, 2 times found in riparian moist forest, 2 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in Prairie d'altittude, 1 times found in rainforest, marsh clearing, 1 times found in Equatorial rainforest, 1 times found in mature forest edge.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 2 times rotten log, 2 times nest in live tree cavity, 3 times undergrowth, low canopy in forest, 2 times on low vegetation, 1 times nest beneath termite mound on ground, 2 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times ex Malaise trap, 1 times undergrowth low canopy in forest, 1 times sited within forest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times search, 6 times pitfall trap, PF bucket, 3 times hand collecting, 5 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 4 times EC31 yellow pan trap, 4 times Hand, 3 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 2 times sweep, 1 times Malaise, 1 times yellow pan trap, 1 times hand collected, ...

Elevations: collected from 35 - 1900 meters, 714 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens nkomoensis: casent0910909; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris bruta: casent0912127, casent0912128; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris calabarica: casent0910907; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens: casent0910906; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens pleurata: casent0912129; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens sankisiana: casent0910910; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris ssibangensis: casent0910918; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris striativentris: casent0905628; type of Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris cupreopubescens var. nkomoensis: focol2571; type of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens var. argentatus: focol2569, focol2570

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