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Species: Polyrhachis bihamata   (Fabricius, 1775) 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Formica bihamata Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 394 (w.) Type-locality in error, not Madagascar. Indomalaya. "Insula St. Iohannis Indiae." AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Note: Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 394, attributes this taxon to Drury, 1773 PDF: 73, pl. 38, figs. 7, 8 (w.) (“from the island of Johanna, near Madagascar”). Drury’s work contains both description and illustration, but the species is not named.].
[Note: type-locality was recorded as “Insula St. Iohannis Indiae” by Fabricius, 1782: 493, Fabricius, 1793: 361, Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 411; as “Insel St. Johannis und Madagaskar” by Christ, 1791 PDF: 509; as “île de Sainte-Jeanne, près de Madagascar” by Olivier, 1792: 499, Latreille, 1802ac: 128. Type-locality in error, not Madagascar, after Bolton, 1973b PDF: 352.].
Combination in Polyrhachis: Smith, 1857a PDF: 59.

Distribution:


Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Asia, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Leyte, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sabah, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Thailand, Vietnam, Yunnan
Palearctic Region: China, Eastern Asia

Distribution Notes:

Java, Laos, Sumatra, Philippines, India, China

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in secondary limestone rain forest, 1 times found in Old secondary rain forest.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times Hand collection, 1 times Foraging|on low vegetation, 1 times Ground forager.

Elevations: collected from 180 - 655 meters, 511 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata perplexa: casent0912164; syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata tonsilis: casent0912165



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