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Species: Pheidole (megacephala) megacephala   (Fabricius, 1793) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Pheidole megacephala angulata, Pheidole megacephala atrocior, Pheidole megacephala capensis, Pheidole megacephala costauriensis, Pheidole megacephala dregei, Pheidole megacephala duplex, Pheidole megacephala ilgi, Pheidole megacephala impressifrons, Pheidole megacephala major, Pheidole megacephala melancholica, Pheidole megacephala nkomoana, Pheidole megacephala obtusa, Pheidole megacephala punctulata, Pheidole megacephala punctulata angulata, Pheidole megacephala pusilla, Pheidole megacephala rotundata, Pheidole megacephala scabrior, Pheidole megacephala speculifrons, Pheidole megacephala talpa

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

8 subspecies

Formica megacephala Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 361 (s.) MAURITIUS (Former Ile De France). Malagasy. "MAURITIUS, Camizard Mt., Bambous, 20.3328 S, 57.723 E, 375 m, rainforest, ex rotten log, 27.v.2005, coll. B.L. Fisher et al., BLF12051." California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA, USA (CASC). CASENT0104990. http://www.antweb.org/specimen/CASENT0104990 AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Distribution:

Mediterranean area

Biology:

urban areas, uncommon

Notes:

Caste of types: (s)

References:

Hoffman, B. D., A. N. Andersen, G. J. E. Hill 1999. Impact of an introduced ant on native rain forest invertebrates: Pheidole megacephala in monsoonal Australia. Oecologia 120:595-604.

Kempf, W. W. 1972. Catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15:3-344.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 76, (download) 76 3926
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 227, (download) 227 6734
Pheidole megacephala   Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 55-59, (download) 55-59 22171
Pheidole megacephala   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 75-76, (download) 75-76 8111
Pheidole megacephala   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 238-239, (download) 238-239 3875
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 176-179, (download) 176-179 6734
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1908, Fourmis de Costa-Rica, récoltées par M. Paul Biolley., Bulletin de la Societe Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 44, pp. 35-72: 52, (download) 52 4014
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 81, (download) 81 8171
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1907, The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner. No. VI. - Fourmis des Seychelles, Amirantes, Farquhar et Chagos., Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12, pp. 91-94: -1, (download) -1 4010
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1912, H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute: Formicidae (Hym.)., Entomologische Mitteilungen 1, pp. 45-81: 64, (download) 64 4035
Pheidole megacephala   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 549-550, (download) 549-550 20017
Pheidole megacephala   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 45, (download) 45 8111
Pheidole megacephala   Crawley W. C., 1915, Ants from north and south-west Australia (G. F. Hill, Rowland Turner) and Christmas Island, Straits Settlements. Part 2, Ann. Mag Natur. Hist. 15, pp. 232-239: 235, (download) 235 6192
Pheidole megacephala   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 131, (download) 131 20597
Formica pusilla   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 235, (download) 235 3875
Pheidole megacephala   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 417-418, (download) 417-418 3948
Pheidole megacephala   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 9, (download) 9 4386
Pheidole megacephala   Eguchi, K., 2008, A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Zootaxa 1902, pp. 1-118: 55-59, (download) 55-59 22171
Pheidole megacephala   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. E. Simon à l'île de Ceylan (janvier - février 1892). 3 e Mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 239-258: 5, (download) 5 3767
Pheidole megacephala   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 9, (download) 9 4386
Pheidole megacephala   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 235, (download) 235 3875
Pheidole megacephala   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 84, (download) 84 3764

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 74 times found in rainforest, 78 times found in urban/garden, 44 times found in urban garden, 64 times found in Lowland coastal, coraline island, 7 times found in closed vegetation, 30 times found in tropical dry forest, 15 times found in park/garden, 13 times found in littoral rainforest, 19 times found in Lowland rainforest, 18 times found in Low altitude rainforest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 78 times Malaise, 66 times pitfall trap, 30 times Malaise trap, 19 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 6 times H, 6 times search, 6 times CDC light trap, 3 times 4 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 10 times beating low vegetation, 5 times hand collection, 7 times MW 25 sample transect, 5m, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 2000 meters, 291 meters average

Type specimens: neotype: casent0104990; paratype: casent0055882, casent0055883, casent0055884, casent0055885, casent0055886, casent0055903, casent0055904, casent0055905, casent0055944, casent0055945, casent0055946, casent0055947, casent0055951, casent0055952, casent0055953, casent0055954, casent0055955, casent0055956, casent0055957, casent0056004, casent0056005, casent0056006, casent0056007, casent0056008, casent0056009, casent0056010, casent0056011, casent0056012, casent0056013, casent0056014, casent0056015, casent0056016, casent0056017, casent0056018, casent0056019, casent0059592, casent0059593, casent0059594, casent0059595, casent0059596, casent0059597, casent0059653, casent0059655, casent0059656, casent0059657, casent0059671, casent0059672, casent0059673, casent0059674, casent0055882-d01, casent0055883-d01, casent0055884-d01, casent0055885-d01, casent0055886-d01, casent0055903-d01, casent0055945-d01, casent0055946-d01, casent0055947-d01, casent0055952-d01, casent0055953-d01, casent0055954-d01, casent0055955-d01, casent0055956-d01, casent0055957-d01, casent0056004-d01, casent0056005-d01, casent0056006-d01, casent0056007-d01, casent0056008-d01, casent0056009-d01, casent0056010-d01, casent0056011-d01, casent0056014-d01, casent0056015-d01, casent0056016-d01, casent0056017-d01, casent0056018-d01, casent0056019-d01, casent0059592-d01, casent0059593-d01, casent0059594-d01, casent0059595-d01, casent0059596-d01, casent0059597-d01, casent0059653-d01, casent0059655-d01, casent0059656-d01, casent0059657-d01, casent0059671-d01, casent0059672-d01, casent0059673-d01; syntype of Myrmica agilis: casent0901410; syntype of Myrmica suspiciosa: casent0901409; syntype of Pheidole megacephala scabrior: casent0101560; syntype of Pheidole neokohli: casent0901313; syntype of Pheidole picata: casent0101767

(-1 examples)



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