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|Senior synonym of Pachycondyla gagates, Pachycondyla pestilentia, Pachycondyla spiniventris: Roger, 1860 PDF: 310; Roger, 1863b: 17; of Pachycondyla simillima: Emery, 1892f PDF: 557.|
|Current subspecies: nominal plus Pachycondyla tarsata delagoensis, Pachycondyla tarsata kaya, Pachycondyla tarsata mediana, Pachycondyla tarsata robusta, Pachycondyla tarsata striatidens (unresolved junior homonym), Pachycondyla tarsata subopaca.|
This is arguably the most ecologically dominant ponerine ant in Africa, based on the extent of its geographical range and local abundance. It is widely distributed throughout Africa south of the Sahara. The large workers (17-20 mm) are epigeic hunters and scavengers. Although workers forage individually, they can recruit nestmates with chemical signals when retrieving bigger or more abundant prey items. The nests of P. tarsatus have multiple entrances, revealing an extensive system of shallow tunnels that lead to the foraging grounds.
Field behavior has been studied in Kenya, Ivory Coast and South Africa.
Peeters, C., U. Braun & B. Hölldobler (2013) Large colonies and striking sexual investment in the African stink ant, Paltothyreus tarsatus (subfamily Ponerinae). African Entomology 21(1): 9-14.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in rainforest, 2 times found in 2â??Ã?Ã¶â??â? â??Âª wet forest, 2 times found in 2Â¬Â¨â??Ã Ã» wet forest, 1 times found in mature swamp forest, open times found in savanna, 1 times found in forest/savanna mosaic, 1 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in savanna, 1 times found in wet forest
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 2 times hand collecting, 3 times search, 2 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 1 times pitfall trap
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1650 meters, 663 meters average
Type specimens: Holotype of Pachycondyla simillima: casent0900680; Holotype of Ponera pestilentia: casent0900679; Holotype of Ponera spiniventris: casent0900681; syntype of Pachycondyla simillima: casent0902491