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|Senior synonym of Pachycondyla gagates, Pachycondyla pestilentia, Pachycondyla spiniventris: Roger, 1860 PDF: 310; Roger, 1863b: 17; of Pachycondyla simillima: Emery, 1892f PDF: 557.|
|Current subspecies: nominal plus Pachycondyla tarsata delagoensis, Pachycondyla tarsata kaya, Pachycondyla tarsata mediana, Pachycondyla tarsata robusta, Pachycondyla tarsata striatidens (unresolved junior homonym), Pachycondyla tarsata subopaca.|
This is arguably the most ecologically dominant ponerine ant in Africa, based on the extent of its geographical range and local abundance. It is widely distributed throughout Africa south of the Sahara. The large workers (17-20 mm) are epigeic hunters and scavengers. Although workers forage individually, they can recruit nestmates with chemical signals when retrieving bigger or more abundant prey items. The nests of P. tarsatus have multiple entrances, revealing an extensive system of shallow tunnels that lead to the foraging grounds.
Field behavior has been studied in Kenya, Ivory Coast and South Africa.
Peeters, C., U. Braun & B. Hölldobler (2013) Large colonies and striking sexual investment in the African stink ant, Paltothyreus tarsatus (subfamily Ponerinae). African Entomology 21(1): 9-14.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in 2â?? wet forest, 2 times found in 2Â° wet forest
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 2 times hand collecting
Elevations: collected from 1150 - 1158 meters, 1151 meters average