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|Revived from synonymy and senior synonym of Odontomachus fuscus Stitz, 1925c PDF: Brown, 1976a: 103.|
SE U.S. to Paraguay and Bolivia, W. Indies (brunneus in the sense of Brown 1976, which includes ruginodis).
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.
Deyrup, M., J. Trager, N. Carlin 1985. The genus Odontomachus in the southeastern United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News 96:188-195.
Patton, W. H. 1894. Habits of the leaping-ant of southern Georgia. American Naturalist 28:618-619.
Wheeler, W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21:79-135.
Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Brown 1976).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in leaf litter, 4 times found in Pisonia-Tabebuia, 3 times found in dry forest, 2 times found in coastal scrub, 2 times found in hardwood swamp, 1 times found in main building, 1 times found in mature secondary forest along dry creek, 1 times found in 1¡ forest, 1 times found in oak woodland, 1 times found in banana plantation, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times under stone, 3 times leaf litter, 1 times nest on ground, 2 times ground forager, 2 times ex soil, 2 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times under log, 1 times turkey oak woods. Diurnal stray, 1 times tall forest, rocky soil, 1 times swampy riparian woodland; diurnal stray, 1 times nest in hummock, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 12 times hand collection, 11 times Berlese, 4 times search, 3 times Winkler, 2 times Berlese, leaf litter, 1 times along trail, 1 times at mercury vapor light, 1 times Berlese, litter at log w/Passalus, 1 times litter sample.
Elevations: collected from 5 - 619 meters, 55 meters average