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Species: Monomorium subopacum   (Smith, 1858) 

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See Also:

Monomorium subopacum adoneum, Monomorium subopacum anceps, Monomorium subopacum apulei, Monomorium subopacum apuleii, Monomorium subopacum australe, Monomorium subopacum bicolor, Monomorium subopacum cabrerai, Monomorium subopacum ebraicum, Monomorium subopacum ebricum, Monomorium subopacum hirsuta, Monomorium subopacum hirsutum, Monomorium subopacum intermedium, Monomorium subopacum italica, Monomorium subopacum laeviceps, Monomorium subopacum liberta, Monomorium subopacum mediterraneum, Monomorium subopacum nitidiventre, Monomorium subopacum nitidiventris, Monomorium subopacum obscuripes, Monomorium subopacum opacior, Monomorium subopacum phoenicia, Monomorium subopacum planidorsum, Monomorium subopacum rufibasis, Monomorium subopacum salomonis, Monomorium subopacum serenum, Monomorium subopacum subnitida, Monomorium subopacum surcoufi, Monomorium subopacum tropicale, Monomorium subopacum zanoni

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

1 subspecies

Myrmica subopaca Smith, 1858a PDF: 127 (w.q.) PORTUGAL (Madeira Is.). Afrotropic. "Portugal (Madeira Is.), coll. T.V. Wollaston." Natural History Museum, London, U.K. (BMNH). CASENT0010948. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753; in Monomorium (Xeromyrmex): Wheeler, 1922: 871.
Senior synonym of Monomorium mediterraneum: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 360; of Monomorium obscuripes: Santschi, 1927e PDF: 241; of Monomorium italica: Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 450; of Monomorium cabrerae, Monomorium glyciphila, Monomorium liberta, Monomorium surcoufi and material of the unavailable name Monomorium senegalensis referred here: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 360.
of Monomorium intermedium Hohmann, La Roche, et al., 1993: 155; of Monomorium adoneum, Monomorium apuleii, Monomorium ebraicum: Heterick, 2006 PDF: 103 (Lectotype designation).
Current subspecies: nominal plus Monomorium subopacum planidorsum.


   Species is introduced to: Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Cape Verde, Kenya, Niger, Senegal
Indomalaya Region: Sri Lanka
Malagasy Region: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Majunga, Reunion, Saint-Denis, Toamasina, Toliara, Tulear
Nearctic Region: Georgia
Palearctic Region: Al Bahah, Algeria, Alicante, Andalusia, Ar Riyad, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, China, Crete, Dodecanese, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Macaronesia, Madeira Islands, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, South Aegean, Spain, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates

Distribution Notes:

Canary Islands, Madeira,

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium subopacum   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 753, (download) 753 4445
Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis subsp. subopacum var. liberta   Santschi, F., 1923, Descriptions de nouveaux formicides Ethiopiens et notes diverses. - I., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 11, pp. 259-295: 281, (download) 281 3603
Monomorium subopacum   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 103-107, (download) 103-107 21061
Monomorium subopacum   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 138, (download) 138 21280
Monomorium subopacum   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 82, (download) 82 3764
Monomorium subopacum   Espadaler, X., 2007, The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions., Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, pp. 113-127: 119, (download) 119 21278
Monomorium salomonis   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 75, (download) 75 3926

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 56 times found in urban/garden, 6 times found in rocky wash with Tamarix and Juniper, 2 times found in Acacia Juniper woodland, 2 times found in Rocky brush along wash, 2 times found in roadside, 1 times found in irrigated date and olive trees, 0 times found in sandy beach area, 1 times found in town/park/garden, 1 times found in garden, 2 times found in urban garden, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 43 times ground forager(s), 17 times ground nest, 4 times under stone, 6 times on low vegetation, 3 times under rock, 1 times ex nest in stones and sand, 0 times on the path to the beach, 1 times on a wall of the Plant Protection Service, Ambatondrazaka (D.P.V.), 1 times a la lumiere.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times water traps, 3 times Hand, 1 times pitfall traps, 0 times search, 1 times a la lumiere.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1930 meters, 588 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922332; Lectotype of Monomorium mediterraneum: casent0916009; Lectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010881; paralectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010892; paratype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922333, casent0922334; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum adoneum: casent0913858; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum apuleii: casent0913859; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum liberta: casent0913857

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