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Species: Monomorium ebeninum   Forel, 1891 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Monomorium minutum r. ebeninum Forel, 1891c PDF: 165 (in text) (w.) ANTILLES. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.); Forel, 1897b PDF: 300 (m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.).
Raised to species: Forel, 1913m PDF: 218; DuBois, 1986 PDF: 103.


Nearctic Region: Florida
Neotropical Region: Bahamas, Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands

Distribution Notes:

Mexico south to Costa Rica, many Caribbean islands. Uncertain whether native in Costa Rica.


Natural History:

In Costa Rica this is a moderately common species in disturbed areas in the seasonally dry northwest portion of the country. I have collected it in Santa Rosa National Park, where I observed workers recruiting to a dead grasshopper on an asphalt road. I also have records from Curu on the Nicoya Peninsula and La Pita on the road from the PanAmerican highway to Monteverde. I have never found a nest of the species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in littoral scrub, 1 times found in scrubby 2nd growth, 3 times found in disturbed semi-moist woodland, 1 times found in secondary broadleaf forest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in scrub forest, 2 times found in 2nd growth dry forest, 2 times found in 2º wet forest, 2 times found in abandoned garden, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 11 times ex sifted leaf litter, 4 times at bait, 1 times on treetrunk, 1 times nest under bark of pine tree, 1 times Dry forest. Strays from first site., 2 times 3 dog site, 1 times Sweep sample of roadside vegetation., 1 times hollow under limestone rock, 2 times foragers in sand, str times collecting in secondgrowth dry forest on slope adjacent to pasture. #3423-s, 1 times beating vegetation, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times search, 7 times hand collecting, 4 times Winkler, 3 times bait, 4 times MiniWinkler, 4 times hand collection, 2 times MaxiWinkler, 1 times baiting, 0 times On tree trunk, 0 times At bait, 0 times On border on roadside, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1560 meters, 276 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908695; paralectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908696

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