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Species: Lachnomyrmex plaumanni   Borgmeier, 1957 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Lachnomyrmex plaumanni Borgmeier, 1957a PDF: 125, figs. 47-52 (w.q.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Distribution:

Brazil (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: widespread in lowland wet forest, including the Osa Peninsula, San Vito area at 1200m, Manuel Antonio, Carara, La Selva Biological Station and surrounding Atlantic slope sites to 600m, Penas Blancas Valley, and the Pitilla area of Guanacaste Conservation Area.

Biology:

Natural History:

Workers and queens occur in samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor.

Notes:

The type locality is southern Brazil. I examined USNM syntypes. The syntype worker I examined differed from Costa Rican material in having a lower petiolar node and the posterior face of the node rugose. In other sculptural, pilosity, and shape features they are a close match. The syntype queen I examined similarly differed in petiole shape, and also had a single erect hair on the first gastral tergite, instead of the 50 or more seen on Costa Rican queens. Costa Rican plaumanni shares petiole shape with haskinsi.

Using the name plaumanni for the Costa Rican material is a matter of convenience, given the overall phenetic similarity with the syntypes. I have no information on the reproductive continuity of Costa Rican and Brazilian Lachnomyrmex, or whether the various characters used to define Lachnomyrmex species are apomorphic, plesiomorphic, or homoplaseous.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Lachliomyrmex plaumanni BorgmeierHNS, 1957

Figures 14, 19

Lachnomyrmex plaumanni BorgmeierHNS, 1957: 125, fig. 47. Syntypes, BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Itatiaya, i.1956, Dr. Barth col. (2 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] (examined); Santa Catarina: Nova Teutonia , iv.1954, F. Plaumann col. (3 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] (examined, 1 worker here designated lectotype in order to improve nomenclatural stability); same locality, xi.1954, F. Plaumann col. nos. 66111/64824 (1 worker and 1 gyne) [USNM] (examined); same data (1 worker) [MZSP] (examined); same data (2 workers) [MCZC] (not examined).

Worker diagnosis. Body sparsely covered by short, fine rugae; promesonotum elevated minimally above propodeum level; apex of propodeal spines curved downwards; teeth of propodeal lobes swollen and extremely reduced; dorsum of postpetiole with about six long hairs; first tergite of gaster entirely devoid of long flexuous hairs.

FIGURE 13. Holotype worker of Lachnomyrmex platynodusHNS from Mt. Ayanganna, Guyana: A, head in full face view; B, lateral view; C, dorsal view. Image by Michele Esposito, specimen CASENT0173881.

Lectotype measurements. HL 0.65; HW 0.63; ML 0.19; SL 0.38; EL 0.11; WL 0.71; PSL 0.14; PL 0.30; PPL 0.14; GL 0.79; TL 2.77; CI 97; SI 60; OI 17.

Worker measurements (n=58). HL 0.57-0.69; HW 0.57-0.68; ML 0.17-0.20; SL 0.35-0.42; EL 0.09- 0.14; WL 0.61-0.80; PSL 0.13-0.15; PL 0.25-0.35; PPL 0.11-0.14; GL 0.68-0.93; TL 2.51-3.07; CI 96-101; SI 56-65; OI 14-22.

FIGURE 14. Worker of Lachnomyrmex plaumanniHNS from Sao Paulo, Brazil: A, head in full face view; B, lateral view; C, dorsal view. Image by Michele Esposito, specimen CASENT0173876.

Gyne measurements (n=20). HL 0.58-0.71; HW 0.58-0.71; ML 0.17-0.25; SL 0.36-0.44; EL 0.13- 0.19; WL 0.73-0.91; PSL 0.13-0.16; PL 0.30-0.39; PPL 0.13-0.16; GL 0.79-1.02; TL 3.45-2.70; CI 97-102; SI 58-62; OI 21-28.

Worker description. Color light reddish-brown to dark brown, with appendages lighter. Body sparsely covered by irregular short rugae, somewhat longer and longitudinal on head dorsum; mandibles with short longitudinal striae restricted to basal portion; petiole and postpetiole finely and irregularly rugose. Abundant pilosity on head and promesonotum dorsum; dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole with about four and six long hairs, respectively; first gastral tergite entirely devoid of long flexuous hairs.

Head as long as broad, with vertexal margin strongly convex; frontal lobes laterally rounded; eyes with about six facets on maximum diameter. Promesonotum moderately convex in profile, only discretely higher than level of propodeum; metanotal groove shallow to virtually obsolete; apex of propodeal spines distinctly curved downwards; teeth of propodeal lobes swollen and reduced, with less than one-third of propodeal spines length. Petiolar node moderately elevated, dorsally rounded, and with the posterior face weakly sloped in lateral view; postpetiole feebly convex dorsally and without ventral processes.

Gyne. Differing from worker by the larger eyes, with around 12 facets at maximum diameter; propodeal spines relatively wider basally and with the apexes only minimally curved downwards.

Etymology. Father Thomas Borgmeier (1957) named this species in honor of the Lithuanian entomologist, Fritz Plaumann (1902-1994), collector of the L. plaumanniHNS type-series and known for his exhaustive work on the insect fauna of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Plaumann is considered the most important insect collector of Latin America in the 20th century.

Comments. Lachnomyrmex plaumanniHNS is one of the smallest species in the genus and can be immediately recognized by the combination of sparse sculpturation, propodeal spines curved downwards, and dorsum of postpetiole with about six long hairs.

This is species has been collected from northern Argentina to southeastern Brazil, along the submontane areas of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (400-1200m).

Despite the constant presence of L. plaumanniHNS in leaf liter samples from the Atlantic Forest, all attempts to maintain colonies in artificial conditions so far have failed. Gynes and workers usually die a few days after capture. There is a single record of a L. plaumanniHNS worker foraging in the vegetation. It was collected manually in a bromeliad fixed in a high live tree from Serra do Itapeti, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil (M.S. Morini, pers. comm.).

Additional material examined. ARGENTINA: Missiones: 20km SE Pto. Iguazu , 31.xii.1990, S. Peck & J. Peck cols, no. 1660/ CASENT0006151 (1 worker, examined by images) [CASC]; BRAZIL: Parana: Morretes GoogleMaps, P.E. do Pau-Oco, 25°34'05"S 48°53'19"W, 6-11.v.2002, R.R. Silva & B.H. Dietz cols, nos. 22/24 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Tunas GoogleMaps, P. das Lauraceas, 24°51'16"S 48°43'00"W, 21-29.ii.2001, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, nos. 1/6/19/34/42 (5 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Santa Catarina: Blumenau GoogleMaps, P.E. das Nascentes, 27°06'15"S 49°09'14"W, 20-27.x.2000, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, no. 31 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 27°01'06'S, 49°01'10'W, 10.ii.2001, F. Eberhardt col., no. 10 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Chapeco GoogleMaps, vii - viii.1960, F. Plaumann col., no. 8333 (5 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Concordia , ix.1959, F. Plaumann col., no. 8296 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Ibicare , viii.1959, F. Plaumann col., no. 3128 (3 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, ix.1960, no. 3619 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Linha Facao , v.1957, F. Plaumann col. (1 worker e 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Morro do Serro , xii.1958, F. Plaumann col., no. 8318 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Nova Teutonia , ix.1954, F. Plaumann col., no. 8216 (8 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, v - xii.1957, F. Plaumann col. (9 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, vii. 1958, F. Plaumann col. (1 worker and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, v.1960, F. Plaumann col. (2 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, vi.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 3755 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, iv.1972, F. Plaumann col., no. 8000 (1 worker and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, vi.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 3755 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, iv.1976, F. Plaumann col., no. 13629 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Palhoca GoogleMaps, P.E. da Serra do Tabuleiro, 27°44'28"S 48°41'50"W, 2-10.vi.2003, R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz & A.A. Tavares cols, nos. 2/9/10/14 (4 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Sao Bento do Sul GoogleMaps, A.P.A. Rio Vermelho, 26°21'51"S 49°16'16"W, 30.iii-4.iv.2001, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, nos. 4/25/29/31/32/33/34/35/38/44/46/48/49 (12 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 25 (1 worker) [INBC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 29 (1 worker) [MIZA] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 46 (1 worker) [MPEG] GoogleMaps; Seara , viii.1958, F. Plaumann col. (3 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, v - xii.1998, R.R. Silva col. (4 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Sao Paulo: Cananeia GoogleMaps, P.E. da Ilha do Cardoso, 18- 24.xi.2002, 25°05'48"S 47°55'47"W, R.R. Silva, C.R.F. Brandao & C. Scott cols, nos. 1/7/13/16/18/25/28/34/ 43/48 (8 workers and 3 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 7 (1 worker) [AMNH] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 13 (1 worker) [BMNH] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 25 (1 worker) [CASC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 28 (1 worker) [CPDC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 43 (1 worker) [ICNC] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 48 (1 worker) [IHVL] GoogleMaps; Cunha, P.E. da Serra do Mar, Nucleo Indaia GoogleMaps, 23°15'03"S 45°00'26"W, 21-22.iv.2001, R.R. Silva & A.A. Tavares cols, nos. 5/11/19/32/43 (7 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Iguape, E.E. Jureia-Itatins, Nucleo Rio Verde GoogleMaps, 24°32'39"S 47°14'08"W, 5-15.ii.2001, R.R. Silva & A.A. Tavares cols, nos. 4/22/25/27 (3 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Miracatu, Serra do Mar , Clube Pesca & Cia , 4-7.ix.2004, R.M. Feitosa col., nos. 1/9/11/12 (10 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP]; Mogi das Cruzes, P.N.M. da Serra do Itapeti GoogleMaps, 20.v.2003, 23°29'22"S 46°11'55"W, M.S. Morini col., no. 8 (1 worker) [MSMC] GoogleMaps; Praia Grande, P.E. da Serra do Mar, Nucleo Piloes GoogleMaps, 23°58'31"S 46°32'24"W, 26-27.v.2001, R.R. Silva & A.A. Tavares cols, nos. 5/10/13/24/35/36/39/41 (12 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Ribeirao Grande, P.E. Intervales, Barra Grande GoogleMaps, 24°18'30"S 48°25'10"W, 2.ii.1999, A.A. Tavares col., nos. T1 3/7/16/17/22/23-T2 1/4/7/ 12/ 13/14/15/17/18 (21 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Salesopolis GoogleMaps, E.B.B. Boraceia, 23°31'S 45°50'W, 2- 6.v.1997, D. Agosti, C.R.F. Brandao & C.I. Yamamoto cols, nos. 5/7/9/15/16 (8 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 5 (1 worker) [MUSM] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 15 (1 worker) [USNM] GoogleMaps; same data, no. 16 (1 worker) [WMPC] GoogleMaps; same locality, 12-17.vi.1997, B.H. Dietz & C.I. Yamamoto cols, nos. 7/10/13/14/16/17/25 (15 workers and 2 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality 5-7.vii.1997, C.I. Yamamoto col., no. 9 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 20-26.x.1997, C. Klingenberg & C.I. Yamamoto cols, nos. 10/13/21 (3 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Serra dos Agudos Grandes , xi.1963, F. Plaumann col., no. 3865 (1 worker) [MZSP]; Tapirai GoogleMaps, 24°01'55"S 47°27'56"W, 8-14.i.2001, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols, nos. 1/2/5/ 8/11/12 /13/14/15/16/22/23/ 24/27/29/31/33/34/36/39/40/24/44/47/50 (35 workers and 6 gynes) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Ubatuba, P.E. da Serra do Mar, Nucleo Picinguaba GoogleMaps, 23°20'10"S 44°50'15"W, C.R.F. Brandao et al. cols, nos. 23/24 (2 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 23°18'21"S 44°48'25"W, 5.i.2006, C.P. Scott & E.F. Santos cols, nos. 2/7 (3 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 23°17'54"S 44°47'49"W, 23.i.2006, C.P. Scott & E.F. Santos cols, nos. 1/7 (5 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 23°17'49"S 44°47'31"W, 26.i.2006, C.P. Scott & E.F. Santos cols, no. 9 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; same locality, 23°17'56"S 44°47'13"W, 7.iii.2006, C.P. Scott & E.F. Santos cols, nos. 3/8/9 (6 workers and 1 gyne) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Rio Janeiro: Nova Iguacu, ReBio Tingua GoogleMaps, 22°34'14"S 43°24'51"W, 4.ii.2002, A. Mayhe & S. Veiga-Ferreira cols, no. A32 (1 worker) [MZSP] GoogleMaps; Sta. Maria Madalena GoogleMaps, P.E. do Desengano, 21°58'41'S 41°57'00"W, x.2002, A. Mayhe & S. Veiga-Ferreira cols, nos. 1/2/14/18/22 (5 workers) [MZSP] GoogleMaps.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Brazilian Atlantic forest, 1 times found in rainforest

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 1 times Winkler 24, 1 times Winkler 25

Elevations: collected at 300 m

Type specimens:

(-1 examples)



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