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Species: Formica lemani   Bondroit, 1917 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica lemani Bondroit, 1917b PDF: 186 (w.q.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Bondroit, 1920a PDF: 145 (m.).
Combination in Formica (Serviformica): Emery, 1925d PDF: 247.
Revived status as species: Yarrow, 1954a PDF: 231.
Senior synonym of Formica borealis: Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 35.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Italy, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

45. Formica lemani BondroitHNS, 1917 Figs. 166,182,183.

Formica lemani BondroitHNS, 1917: 186; Yarrow, 1954: 230 (redescription).

Worker. Greyish to brownish black, legs paler. Short stout hairs present on promesonotum normally numerous but occasionally abraded or few. Underside of mid and hind femora normally with one or more hairs at mid length. Frons coarsely sculptured to that punctures readily seen under ordinary magnification. Length: 4.5-7.0 mm.

Queen. Colour, sculpture and pilosity as worker but scutellum shining and pronotal hairs numerous, extending round side margins to tegulae. Long hairs on underside of mid femora always present. Length: 7.0-9.5 mm.

Male. Black with appendages yellowish or brownish. Scale with conspicuous long hairs overreaching dorsal crest, most numerous at angulate side corners. Gaster with short adpressed pubescence. Length: 8.0-9.0 mm.

Figs. 182, 183. Formica lemani BondrHNS. - 182: worker in profile; 183: queen in profile. Scale: 1 mm.

Distribution. Throughout Fennoscandia except extreme southern areas of Finland and Sweden, not recorded from Denmark. - Abundant in British Isles except for Southeast. - Range: mountains of Spain to Japan including Himalayas, Appenines to arctic Fennoscandia.

Biology. This is an abundant upland species in Europe not distinguished from F. fuscaHNS until Bondroit (1917) and first clearly described by Yarrow (1954). It has similar habits to F. fuscaHNS but sometimes occurs in large multi-queened colonies in favourable sites such as stony banks. Colony founding is either by single queens or by nest fission. Alatae fly in July and August.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 45 times found in Unknown, 7 times found in alpine meadow, 7 times found in bogs & fenns, 3 times found in P.mugo, Abies, Rododendrum, 3 times found in Spruce-fir-larch forest, 2 times found in Heath, 2 times found in P.mugo, Abies, 2 times found in Hedgerow, 1 times found in montane, riverside, 1 times found in N-slope, alpine meadow, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times under stone, 5 times on the ground, 3 times under rock, 2 times nbp, 3 times in rotten log, 2 times ground foragers, 1 times Base of pine tree, 1 times under boulder, 1 times tending aphids on yarrow, 1 times stump, log stage 3, 1 times Sobre Phalaris arundinaria, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 16 times search, 9 times Hand, 10 times Manual catch.

Elevations: collected from 221 - 2250 meters, 1777 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Formica lemani: antweb1008404; paratype of Formica lemani: casent0903270; syntype of Formica lemani: casent0912263, casent0913658



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