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Species: Eciton vagans

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

6 subspecies

Formica vagans Olivier, 1792: 501 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Distribution:

Paraguay: Caaguazú, Cordillera

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Smith, F.:
Formica vagans, Oliv. Encycl. Meth. vi. 501.
Eciton vagans, Smith , Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. iii. new ser. (worker major).
Eciton simillima, Smith , Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. iii. new ser. (worker minor).
Hab. Brazil; Mexico.
The E. vagans and E. crassicornis have been received from the same locality, and both are entirely of a reddish-brown colour, including the mandibles and legs; there can be little doubt of their belonging to the same species; in general form they resemble E. hamata , the large worker having similar elongated curved mandibles.

Borgmeier, T., 1939:
Synonymos: E. francanum v . Jher.; E. angustatum st. reichenspergeri Sants . 1924.
Examinei material de Costa Rica, Guyana Hollandeza, Pernambuco (Tapera), Minas Geraes, Matto Grosso ( Poconé ), Goyaz (Campinas), Rio de Janeiro, Argentina (Loreto).
Os ganchos mandibulares de alguns soldados de Costa Rica apresentam denticulos ou excrescências , que não passam porém de variações individuaes, visto que outros soldados da mesma colónianão apresentam taes caracteres. Já Santschi chamou a attenção para taes variações , sem denominalas(1923, Rev. Mus. Paul. 13, p. 8): «Les mandibules des soldats sont variables, une dent apparait parfois au milieu de leur bord interne».
O macho foi descripto por Wheeler (1921, Psyche, vol. 19, p. 207) sobre material de Costa Rica, o que passou despercebido a Menozzi que escreve (1931): «Non é noto il maschio». A fêmea foi descripta por Menozzi (1931), igualmente sobre material de Costa Rica. Pude examinar uma fêmea da collecção do Serviço da Defesa Sanitária Vegetal (Rio de Janeiro), proveniente de Sta. Cruz, Districto Federal, € encontrada no ninho estabelecido em panellas abandonadas de Atta ; este exemplar concorda em tudo com a descripção e figura de Menozzi.
Santschi considera francanum v. Jher. como variedade de vagans . Em 1934, elle diz (Rev. Soc. Ent. Arg. 6, p. 24): «Cette variété est facile à distinguer du type par son post-pétiole aussi large que long (plus long que large chez le type) et par la couleur souvent plus claire.» Possuo um cotypo de Franca, S. Paulo (Garbe leg., Mus. Paulista No. 15758), cujo postpeciolo é ligeiramente mais comprido que largo. Penso portanto que francanumé synonymo de vagans .
Eciton (Holopone) angustatum st. reichenspergeri Santschi (1924, p. 12) foi descripto de Minas e é segundo communicacao do Dr. Santschi «une variété obscure de vagans . Possuo alguns exemplares cotypos, os quaes têm a cabeça e o thorax quasi pretos; mas tal variação se encontra em indivíduos da mesma colónia .

Wild, A. L., 2007:
Central, Paraguarí , “ Paraná R.” (Dept. unknown) (ALWC, INBP, LACM, MCZC). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Borgmeier 1955, Emery 1896b, Santschi 1920a).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in coffee finca, 1 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in 2â??Ã?öâ??â? Â¬Â¥ cloud forest, 2 times found in Tropical hardwood forest, 1 times found in 2¬â??à´ cloud forest, 1 times found in pasture, 1 times found in tropical moist forest

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 5 times hand collecting, 1 times raiding column, 1 times raiding trail, 1 times raiding trail over 90ft

Elevations: collected from 50 - 1350 meters, 743 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Eciton simillima: casent0902633; Holotype of Eciton integrum: casent0911389

(-1 examples)



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