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Species: Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) maculatus   (Fabricius, 1782) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus maculatus_nr, Camponotus maculatus foveolatus, Camponotus maculatus obfuscatus, Camponotus maculatus subnudus, Camponotus maculatus sylvaticomaculatus, Camponotus maculatus ugandensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 5 valid subspecies

Formica maculata Fabricius, 1782: 491 (w.) WEST AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Smith, 1858a PDF: 29 (s.w.); Mayr, 1862 PDF: 654 (q.m.); Forel, 1891c PDF: 29 (s.w.q.m.).
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 654.
Subspecies of Camponotus rubripes: Forel, 1886h PDF: 143, 149; Emery, 1887a PDF: 212 (footnote).
Status as species: Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 308; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2800; Olivier, 1792: 495; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 356; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 283; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 403; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 214; Haliday, 1836: 329; Smith, 1858a PDF: 28 (redescription); Gerstäcker, 1859: 262; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 654 (redescription); Gerstäcker, 1862 PDF: 509; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 400; Roger, 1863b PDF: 2; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 27; Gerstäcker, 1871: 355; Mayr, 1877a: 20 (in list); Emery, 1877: 364; Emery, 1878: 44; Forel, 1891c PDF: 23, 29 (redescription); Emery, 1891c: 17; Forel, 1892e PDF: 349; Emery, 1892: 119; Emery, 1892f PDF: 566; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 241; Emery, 1893k PDF: 671; Mayr, 1893b PDF: 195; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 150; Emery, 1895b PDF: 180; Emery, 1895i PDF: 46; Emery, 1896j PDF: 370 (in list); Emery, 1896i PDF: 158; Mayr, 1896 PDF: 249; Mayr, 1897 PDF: 432; Emery, 1897f PDF: 604; Emery, 1898a PDF: 225; Forel, 1899b PDF: 134; Emery, 1899a PDF: 501; Mayr, 1901b PDF: 28; Mayr, 1904b PDF: 11; Emery, 1905g: 37; Ruzsky, 1905b: 191; Mayr, 1907a PDF: 389; Mayr, 1907b PDF: 19; Forel, 1907h PDF: 16; Forel, 1907i PDF: 88; Forel, 1908b PDF: 16; Emery, 1908a PDF: 188 (infraspecific taxa key); Santschi, 1908 PDF: 518; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 487; Forel, 1910c PDF: 266; Forel, 1910e PDF: 26; Karavaiev, 1911a PDF: 9; Stitz, 1910: 148; Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 301; Stitz, 1911b: 392; Forel, 1911f PDF: 371; Viehmeyer, 1912b PDF: 8; Forel, 1913a PDF: 145; Forel, 1913b PDF: 340; Santschi, 1913h PDF: 42; Santschi, 1914b: 129; Santschi, 1919j: 288; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 379; Forel, 1914d PDF: 249; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 47; Donisthorpe, 1915c PDF: 221 (redescription of holotype); Wheeler, 1915h PDF: 814; Forel, 1915d: 70 (in key); Emery, 1915d PDF: 79; Emery, 1916a PDF: 224; Stitz, 1916: 403; Mann, 1916 PDF: 474; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 351; Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 49; Mann, 1920b PDF: 435; Emery, 1920d 10.5281/zenodo.25547 PDF: 5, 12; Arnold, 1922 PDF: 621; Wheeler, 1922: 234, 949, 1040; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 91; Viehmeyer, 1923 PDF: 93; Stitz, 1923: 164; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 253; Wheeler, 1925b PDF: 3; Emery, 1925d PDF: 86; Santschi, 1925h PDF: 166; Crawley, 1926 PDF: 393 (redescription); Menozzi, 1926a PDF: 41; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 189; Arnold, 1926 PDF: 292; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 294; Santschi, 1932c PDF: 519; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 189; Santschi, 1936e: 81; Finzi, 1939a PDF: 159; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 163; Weber, 1943d PDF: 385; Donisthorpe, 1946i PDF: 33; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 248; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 260; Prins, 1963 PDF: 106; Baroni Urbani, 1972 PDF: 125; Hamann & Klemm, 1976 PDF: 676; Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 282; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 116; Marsh, 1986b PDF: 342; Bolton, 1995b: 109; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 374; Blard et al., 2003 PDF: 129; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 153; Mackay & Delsinne, 2009 PDF: 496 (in key); Legakis, 2011 PDF: 31; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 480; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 205; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 36 (see note in bibliography); Madl, 2019 PDF: 14.

Taxon Page Images:

Camponotus maculatus. Tygerberg Nature Reserve, Cape Town, South Africa; 23 May 2016. Photos and collections by Philip Herbst

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Gambia, Ghana, Grande Glorieuse, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Juan de Nova Island, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Guadeloupe, Mexico
    Asia: Indonesia, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Yemen
    Oceania: Palau
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Forel 1907g

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 29-31, (download) 29-31 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 19, (download) 19 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 23-27, (download) 23-27 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 213, (download) 213 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 654-655, (download) 654-655 4445
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 32, (download) 32 3788
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1877, Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte prima. Formiche provenienti dall Viaggio dei signori Antinori, Beccari e Issel nel Mar Rosso e nel paese de, Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 9, pp. 363-381: -1, (download) -1 3735
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1892, Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurà ¼ ckgebrachten Ameisen., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 8, pp. 349-354: 349, (download) 349 3934
Camponotus maculatus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154-159, (download) 154-159 21820
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 13, (download) 13 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 3, (download) 3 4386

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in urban/garden, 12 times found in urban garden, 14 times found in Savanna, 8 times found in dry forest, 10 times found in coastal scrub, 7 times found in coastal scrub, mangrove, 3 times found in coastal thicket, 9 times found in rainforest, 7 times found in grassland, 6 times found in tropical dry forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 31 times ex rotten log, 18 times under stone, 21 times ground forager(s), 4 times ex rot pocket above ground, 6 times under rotten log, 6 times ground nest, 4 times ex dead branch above ground, 3 times ex rotting tree stump, 4 times on low vegetation, 4 times Foraging ground, 1 times in the soil,under rock. A few hundred ants in the nest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 29 times Turning over rocks, 20 times Pitfall trap, 15 times Hand, 10 times By hand, 5 times Malaise trap, 7 times Malaise, 6 times Dead wood, 5 times Light Trap, 4 times Nest, 2 times CDC light trap, 1 times at light, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1870 meters, 388 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1887-10-01 and 2019-11-16

Type specimens: Syntype: sam-ent-011990, sam-hym-c001912; syntype of Camponotus ballioni boera: casent0913695; syntype of Camponotus liengmei: casent0910060, casent0910061; syntype of Camponotus maculatus ballioni boera: casent0917147; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cognatus boera: casent0910055; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae semispicata: casent0911989, casent0911990; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis: casent0917148; syntype of Camponotus maculatus madecassa: casent0905276, casent0905277; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius: casent0910069; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius cluis: casent0905274, casent0910070, casent0910071; syntype of Camponotus maculatus ballioni: casent0910053, casent0910054; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cluisoides: casent0910049, casent0910050; syntype of Camponotus maculatus conakryensis: casent0905266, casent0905267; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavominor: casent0911980, casent0911981; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hannae: casent0903515, casent0911982, casent0911983; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hieroglyphicus: casent0911984, casent0911985; syntype of Camponotus maculatus intonsus: casent0905272, casent0905273; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei hansingi: casent0910062; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liocnemis: casent0905278, casent0905279; syntype of Camponotus maculatus lohieri: casent0911986, casent0911987; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer: casent0910056, casent0910057; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer contaminatus: casent0911976, casent0911977; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae: casent0910065, casent0910066; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis: casent0911988; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides calceatus: casent0911968, casent0911969; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides cataractae: casent0911970, casent0911971; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides citinus: casent0911974, casent0911975; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides diffusus: casent0911978, casent0911979; syntype of Camponotus maculatus sarmentus: casent0905270, casent0905271; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schereri: casent0910067, casent0910068; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schultzei: casent0910051, casent0910052; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0911993, casent0911994; syntype of Camponotus maculatus zumpti: casent0911995, casent0911996; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cavallus: casent0911972, casent0911973; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavifemur: casent0903514; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei importunoides: casent0910063, casent0910064; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis lohieri: casent0905268, casent0905269; syntype of Camponotus maculatus miserabilis: casent0911997; syntype of Camponotus maculatus thomensis: casent0911991, casent0911992; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0903513; syntype of Formica cognata: casent0903511; syntype of Formica lacteipennis: casent0903512; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) ballioni var. boera: focol2367, focol2368; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. cleon: focol2406, focol2407, focol2408; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. foveolatus: focol2907, focol2908, focol2909; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. occipitalis: focol2438, focol2439, focol2440, focol2441; type of Camponotus hova obscuratus: casent0104640, casent0104641; type of Camponotus maculatus cognatus var. boera: focol2945, focol2946; type of Camponotus maculatus r. hova var. laticollus: casent0104637, casent0104638; type of Camponotus maculatus st. cavallus: focol2365, focol2366; type of Camponotus maculatus st. hagensii: casent0104633; type of Camponotus maculatus st. radamae: casent0104639; type of Camponotus maculatus subsp. radamae var. obscurata: focol2361, focol2362, focol2363, focol2364, focol2384, focol2385; type of Camponotus maculatus subsp. schereri: focol0560, focol0561; Type of unavailable (unpublished?) quadrinomial: Camponotus maculatus atramentarius femoralis: casent0911966, casent0911967; unpublished name: Camponotus maculatus variegatipes: casent0905275



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