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Species: Camponotus herculeanus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus herculeanus altaica, Camponotus herculeanus aterrima, Camponotus herculeanus aterrimus, Camponotus herculeanus atrox, Camponotus herculeanus caucasicus, Camponotus herculeanus causasicus, Camponotus herculeanus cruentata, Camponotus herculeanus eudokiae, Camponotus herculeanus ferruginea, Camponotus herculeanus ferrugineus, Camponotus herculeanus herculeana, Camponotus herculeanus herculeano, Camponotus herculeanus herculeano-ligniperda, Camponotus herculeanus herculeano-ligniperdus, Camponotus herculeanus herculeano-pennsylvanica, Camponotus herculeanus herculeano-pennsylvanicus, Camponotus herculeanus herculeanoligniperdus, Camponotus herculeanus herculeanopennsylvanicus, Camponotus herculeanus herculeanus, Camponotus herculeanus intermedius, Camponotus herculeanus intermeidius, Camponotus herculeanus jacuticus, Camponotus herculeanus japonica, Camponotus herculeanus japonicus, Camponotus herculeanus jeholensis, Camponotus herculeanus koreanus, Camponotus herculeanus ligniperda, Camponotus herculeanus ligniperdus, Camponotus herculeanus mahican, Camponotus herculeanus manczhuricus, Camponotus herculeanus manczshuricus, Camponotus herculeanus mandzhuricus, Camponotus herculeanus modoc, Camponotus herculeanus mohican, Camponotus herculeanus montana, Camponotus herculeanus montanus, Camponotus herculeanus nadigi, Camponotus herculeanus novaeboracensis, Camponotus herculeanus noveboracensis, Camponotus herculeanus obsculipes, Camponotus herculeanus obscuripes, Camponotus herculeanus pennsylvanica, Camponotus herculeanus pennsylvanicus, Camponotus herculeanus picta, Camponotus herculeanus pictus, Camponotus herculeanus pubescens, Camponotus herculeanus punctatissima, Camponotus herculeanus punctatissimus, Camponotus herculeanus rubens, Camponotus herculeanus saxatile-aterrimmus, Camponotus herculeanus saxatileaterrimmus, Camponotus herculeanus saxatilis, Camponotus herculeanus semipunctata, Camponotus herculeanus semipunctatus, Camponotus herculeanus shitkovi, Camponotus herculeanus shitkowi, Camponotus herculeanus vagus, Camponotus herculeanus whymperi, Camponotus herculeanus wymperi

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Formica herculeana Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 579 (q.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 259.
Senior synonym of Camponotus atra, Camponotus intermedia: Nylander, 1846a PDF: 894; of Camponotus castanea: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 399; of Camponotus whymperi: Creighton, 1950a PDF: 367; of Camponotus nadigi: Yasumatsu & Brown, 1951: 30; of Camponotus montanus, Camponotus shitkowi: Emery, 1925d PDF: 72; Karavaiev, 1936: 178; Arnol'di, 1967 PDF: 1819; of Camponotus caucasicus: Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 85; of Camponotus eudokiae: Radchenko, 1997B PDF: 555.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Alaska, Canada, Colorado, Georgia, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Washington
Palearctic Region: Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine

Distribution Notes:

Mostly Alpine SLO, above 1000 m alt.

Biology:

Forests & alpine grasslands

Notes:

no records during last 50 years

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Camponotus clarus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 11-12, (download) 11-12 3923
Camponotus herculeanus   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 90-91, (download) 90-91 6175
Camponotus herculeanus   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 14, (download) 14 3994

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Spruce-fir forest, 0 times found in mixed montane forest, 0 times found in Aspen forest, 0 times found in Spruce- tamarack forest, 0 times found in coniferous forest, 0 times found in Mixed Canyon forest, 0 times found in Aspen-lodgepole pine forest, 1 times found in Ponderosa pine forest, 3 times found in oak pine forest, 3 times found in small pine stand in grassland, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times in dead wood, 3 times foragers, 2 times under dead wood, 2 times ex sifted litter, dead wood, 1 times under stone, 1 times nest in soft rotten wood on ground, 1 times in soil, 1 times ex rotten wood, 1 times combination of all ants collected for BioBlitz, 1 times on dead wood, 1 times nido tocón, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 34 times search, 0 times Log stage 3, 0 times Log stage 4, 0 times Log stage 2, 0 times Under rock, 0 times Under log, 4 times Hand, 0 times Log stage 5, 1 times Under wood, 2 times winkler, 0 times Under dung, ...

Elevations: collected from 3 - 3810 meters, 2027 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus herculeanus whymperi: casent0909954



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