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Species: Proceratium silaceum   Roger, 1863 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Proceratium silaceum Roger, 1863a PDF: 172 (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1895d PDF: 265 (q.); Kennedy & Talbot, 1939 PDF: 202 (m.); Crozier, 1970a PDF: 116 (k.).
Senior synonym of Proceratium rugulosum, Proceratium vestitum: Creighton, 1950a PDF: 40.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA ( NY, MA, PA, IL, OH, MD, DC, IN, MO, VA, OK, AR, TN, NC, SC, MS, AL, GA, FL), Canada

Biology:

Habitat: Dry-mesic to mesic oak woodland and forest. Nests usually in soil beneath a log, or in a fallen log.

Natural History: Poorly known, thought to be like that of P. pergandei.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Roger, J., 1863, Die neu aufgeführten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses, nebst Ergänzung einiger früher gegeben Beschreibungen., Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7, pp. 131-214

Pr. silaceumHNS nov. spec.

[[ worker ]] ungefaehr 3 Millim. lang, wenig glaenzend, rostrata mit hellgelben Beinen; die Fuehlergeissel ist' etwas dunkler, ihr Endglied und der Schaft heller gelb. Die anliegende Behaarung ist gelblich, fein, spaerlich, am Hinterleib am reichlichsten; die abstehende Behaarung ist ebenfalls gelblich, maessig lang und ueber den ganzen Koerper (auch am Scapus und an den Beinen) spaerlich verbreitet. Die Mandibeln sind hellgelb, am Zahnrand schwaerzlich, glatt, glaenzend, an der Basis fein gestrichelt, sonst einzeln stark punktirt. Kopf, Thorax und die Oberseite der Schuppe sind (leicht erhaben) gerunzelt; die abschuessige Flaeche des Metanotums und Vorder- und Hinterseite der Schuppe glatt, glaenzend. Der erste Hinterleibsring hat etwas groebere Runzeln als der Kopf, der zweite- ist glatt, glaenzend und nur seitlich fein gerunzelt.

Nord-America, ein einzelner [[ worker ]].

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in along forested trail, 4 times found in under rotting log in mixed forest, 4 times found in black duff in hollow stump in unburned woods near glade, 3 times found in open hardwood forest, 3 times found in in duff in hollow stump in mixed forest next to Dolomite Glade, 3 times found in in hollow at base of Platanus occidentalis in Dolomite Glade, 3 times found in at base of Pinus sp. in mixed forest, 2 times found in base of Pinus sp., 2 times found in litter- base of dead trees in bottomland hardwood forest, 2 times found in at base of dead Quercus sp. at untreated pasture edge, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times litter, 5 times litter and soil, 1 times under rock, colony, 2 times log-leaf litter, 1 times with beetles in dung, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times sawdust, 1 times pine pseudofork, 1 times nest under bark of dead tree, 1 times nest in rotten pine branch near Cactus Motel, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 16 times general collecting, 13 times Berlese funnel, 9 times Berlese, 1 times hand collecting, 1 times Lindgren funnel trap baited with typosan, 1 times malaise trap, 1 times Winkler, 1 times direct collection.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1600 meters, 457 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Proceratium crassicorne vestitum: casent0903853; type of Proceratium silaceum: focol0928



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