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Species: Pristomyrmex bicolor   Emery, 1900 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pristomyrmex trachylissa var. bicolor Emery, 1900: 678 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra). Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wang, 2003 PDF: 427 (q.).
Raised to species and senior synonym of Pristomyrmex taurus: Wang, 2003 PDF: 425.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya

Distribution Notes:

Luzon Island

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Zettel, H., 2006, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: I. The genus Pristomyrmex Mayr, 1866., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8, pp. 59-68

Pristomyrmex bicolor EmeryHNS, 1900

Material examined: Luzon: Laguna Pr., Mt. Banahaw, above Kinabuhayan, trail to Crystalino, 24.XI.1995, leg. J. Kodada & R. Rigova, det. Wang M., 1 [worker] (NHMW).

Diagnosis of worker: TL 4.5 - 6.2 mm. Clypeus dorsally with strong median carina, ventrally variably modified, but always without distinct central tooth. Masticatory margin of mandible with diastema. Dorsum of head rugoreticulate, of alitrunk smooth. Pronotal spines very long (PSL1> 0.35, usually> 0.40), much longer than propodeal spines. First gastral tergite without setae.

Previous records from the Philippines: Palawan (Binaluan) [types of P. taurusHNS] (Stitz 1925); Luzon: Laguna (Mt. Banahaw) (Wang 2003).

General distribution: Malay Peninsula, Java, Borneo, Philippines (Wang 2003).

Notes: The worker from Mt. Banahaw is the single specimen of P. bicolorHNS known from east of the Wallace' and Dickerson's Lines, which delimit the Pleistocenic Sunda Shelf area to the east. It differs from other material examined (including a syntype of P. bicolorHNS) in a completely smooth pronotum and agrees in that characteristic with the type of P. taurus StitzHNS, 1925 from Palawan (synonymy and discussion see Wang 2003: p. 425); also see discussion.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in lowland rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on fallen tree.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search.

Elevations: collected at 1100 m

Type specimens: syntype of Pristomyrmex trachylissa bicolor: casent0904691; type of Pristomyrmex taurus: focol1949



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