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Species: Polyrhachis schistacea   (Gerstäcker, 1859) 

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See Also:

Polyrhachis schistacea_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Hoplomyrmus schistaceus Gerstäcker, 1859: 262 (w.) MOZAMBIQUE. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Also described as new by Gerstäcker, 1862: 508.].
Forel, 1907d PDF: 38 (q.).
Revived status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 268; Forel, 1907d PDF: 38; Wheeler, 1922: 1000; Arnold, 1924 PDF: 742; Bolton, 1973b PDF: 318.
Senior synonym of Polyrhachis atrociliata, Polyrhachis divina, Polyrhachis divinoides, Polyrhachis fracta, Polyrhachis gagatoides, Polyrhachis rugulosus (and its junior synonyms Polyrhachis cafrorum, Polyrhachis carinatus) and material of the unavailable names Polyrhachis beguelensis, Polyrhachis mediopilosa, Polyrhachis subplana referred here: Bolton, 1973b PDF: 318.

Taxon Page Images:

Polyrhachis schistacea. Mtunzini, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: 12 July 2016. Photo by Philip Herbst; collected by Ricky Taylor


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1973b


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyrhachis schistacea   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 92, (download) 92 8171
Polyrhachis (Myrma) schistacea   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 140, (download) 140 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in Grassland, 4 times found in Sclerocarya - Bolusanthus Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 5 times found in Savanna, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Vitex Open Woodland on hillslope (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 3 times found in Euclea-Seersia Open Shrubland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 2 times found in Acacia Closed Woodland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), 2 times found in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld, 3 times found in primary forest, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 1 times found in Acacia Thicket (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Nest in grass next to a stump., 1 times in woods b/w camp and creek, 1 times from trail, 1 times arboreal ants from vegetation, 1 times on vegetation and ground, 1 times on vegetation along creek, 1 times Moist soil, 1 times leaf litter, 1 times from trail in litter, 1 times under stone, 1 times pitfall trap, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 16 times Pitfall trap, 19 times Hand collected, 4 times Malaise trap, 1 times at bait|sugar, amino acid, 1 times beating, 1 times By hand, 1 times Sweep Netting, 1 times sweeping, 1 times pitfall, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 10m, 1 times Pitfalls, ...

Elevations: collected from 11 - 1600 meters, 837 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Polyrhachis carinatus: casent0903450; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea atrociliata mediopilosa: casent0917283; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea atrociliata: casent0912134; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea atrociliata benguelensis: casent0912135; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea atrociliata mediopilosa: casent0912137; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea divina: casent0910911; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea divinoides: casent0910912; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea fracta subplana: casent0912136; syntype of Polyrhachis schistacea gagatoides: casent0912138; type of Hoplomyrmus schistaceus: focol2576; type of Polyrhachis militaris r. cafrorum: focol2577, focol2578

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