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Species: Polyrhachis gagates   Smith, 1858 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Polyrhachis gagates Smith, 1858a PDF: 71, pl. 4, fig. 14 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Polyrhachis (Myrma): Santschi, 1914b: 139.
Revived status as species: Emery, 1925d PDF: 199; Bolton, 1973b PDF: 305.
Senior synonym of Polyrhachis clariseta, Polyrhachis congolensis (and its junior synonym Polyrhachis indefinita), Polyrhachis nigriseta, Polyrhachis obsidiana and material of the unavailable name Polyrhachis acheron referred here: Bolton, 1973b PDF: 305.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Forel 1907g


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyrhachis gagates   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 5, (download) 5 4386
Polyrhachis (Myrma) gagates   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 139, (download) 139 8111
Polyrhachis gagates   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 64, (download) 64 3923
Polyrhachis gagates   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 92, (download) 92 8171
Polyrhachis gagates   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 154, (download) 154 4387
Polyrhachis gagates   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 54, (download) 54 4018

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in Miombo woodland, 2 times found in Waterberg Mountain Bushveld (nr border with Central Sandy Bushveld), 2 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in Forest fringe, 1 times found in Central Sandy Bushveld, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 1 times found in Open Miombo woodland, 1 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in Savannah, 1 times found in savannah woodland, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Excavated to 0.5 m in sandy soil, no queen found; sand turret around entrance, 1 times Nest at base of Dichrostachys cinerea sapling; entrance partially lined with woven plant fibres, 1 times leaf litter, 1 times pitfall trap, 1 times on low vegetation, 1 times Ground nest, 1 times Foraging, 1 times 0.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 10 times Hand collected, 1 times Nest excavated, 2 times Winkler, 1 times Pitfall trap, 1 times Sweep netting, 1 times Sweep net pm, 1 times Bait, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 10m, 1 times Hand.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1445 meters, 900 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Polyrhachis gagates obsidiana: casent0905627; Holotype of Polyrhachis nigriseta clariseta: casent0912120; Syntype: sam-ent-011923; syntype of Polyrhachis gagates: casent0903451; syntype of Polyrhachis gagates congolensis: casent0912121; syntype of Polyrhachis gagates indefinita: casent0905626, casent0910904; syntype of Polyrhachis nigriseta: casent0912122; type of Polyrhachis gagates var. coriacea: focol2572, focol2573; type of Polyrhachis gagates acheron: casent0903452

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