Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)
Formica bihamata Fabricius, 1775 PDF
: 394 (w.) Type-locality in error, not Madagascar. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Insula St. Iohannis Indiae. AntCat AntWiki HOL
[Note: Fabricius, 1775 PDF
: 394, attributes this taxon to Drury, 1773 PDF
: 73, pl. 38, figs. 7, 8 (w.) (“from the island of Johanna, near Madagascar”). Drury’s work contains both description and illustration, but the species is not named.].
[Note: type-locality was recorded as “Insula St. Iohannis Indiae” by Fabricius, 1782
: 493, Fabricius, 1793: 361, Fabricius, 1804 PDF
: 411; as “Insel St. Johannis und Madagaskar” by Christ, 1791 PDF
: 509; as “île de Sainte-Jeanne, près de Madagascar” by Olivier, 1792
: 499, Latreille, 1802a
c: 128. Type-locality in error, not Madagascar, after Bolton, 1973b PDF
Distribution: Geographic regions
(According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists): Asia: Borneo
, Philippines Biogeographic regions
(According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists): Indomalaya
Java, Laos, Sumatra, Philippines, India, China
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in secondary limestone rain forest, 1 times found in Old secondary rain forest, 1 times found in rainforest.
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on low vegetation, 1 times ground forager, 1 times foraging on low vegetation.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times hand collected, 2 times Hand collection.
Elevations: collected from 50 - 655 meters, 397 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata perplexa: casent0912164; syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata tonsilis: casent0912165
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