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Species: Plagiolepis pygmaea   (Latreille, 1798) 

Download Data

See Also:

Plagiolepis pygmaea_cf, Plagiolepis pygmaea bulawayensis, Plagiolepis pygmaea mima, Plagiolepis pygmaea minu

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Formica pygmaea Latreille, 1798 PDF: 45 (w.q.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Plagiolepis: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 43.
Senior synonym of Plagiolepis dufourii: Menozzi, 1925a PDF: 19 (footnote); of Plagiolepis obscuriscapus: Boer, 2008 PDF: 486.
See also: Stitz, 1939: 231; Kutter, 1977c: 185; Sharaf et al., 2011 PDF: 207.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Egypt, Macaronesia, South Africa, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Saudi Arabia
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Palearctic bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Throughout SLO except Alpine, mostly in Submediterranean


Mostly open xerothermous habitats, nests in soil


(Dutch vernacular name: Mediterrane dwergschubmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 21, (download) 21 3994
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1910, Glanures myrmecologiques., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 54, pp. 6-32: 8, (download) 8 4022
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1913, Ameisen aus Rhodesia, Kapland usw. (Hym.) Gesammelt von Herrn G. Arnold, Dr. H. Brauns und anderen., Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1913, pp. 203-225: 224, (download) 224 4059
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1910, Glanures myrmecologiques., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 54, pp. 6-32: 18, (download) 18 4022
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Emery, C., 1884, Materiali per lo studio della fauna Tunisina raccolti da G. e L. Doria. III. Rassegna delle formiche della Tunisia., Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 21, pp. 373-386: 376, (download) 376 3743
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 67, (download) 67 3926

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 20 times found in Encinar, 7 times found in Pinar, 3 times found in Pinar amedio urbanizar, 5 times found in maquis shrubland, 3 times found in Bosque umbrío de eucal. Pinos helechos ymimosas., 5 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 3 times found in Ruderal, 3 times found in Pinus forest, 3 times found in city, 2 times found in deciduous forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 21 times Nido bajo piedra, 21 times nbp, 20 times under stone, 4 times Nest under stone, 4 times Foraging, 2 times on rocks, 2 times ground (-5-0 cm), 1 times Entre lajas de pizarra, 1 times En tablon demadera, 1 times En nido de 00203, 1 times Corteza de pino, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 71 times Hand, 43 times Pitfall, 27 times search, 4 times Net, 2 times Pitfall trap, 2 times Subterr. Trap, 2 times Yellow Trap, 2 times Malaise, 1 times Manual catch, 1 times sweeping veg., 1 times Sweeping veg. (Lotus hillebrandii), ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 2982 meters, 617 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Plagiolepis pygmaea obscuriscapus: casent0912420

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