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Species: Pheidole vomer   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole vomer Wilson, 2003A: 776, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole vomerHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L vomerHNS, plowshare, referring to the raised median carina of the major clypeus.

diagnosis Similar in various traits to amataHNS, ambiguaHNS, celaenaHNS, feraHNS, germainiHNS, peruvianaHNS, rutilanaHNS, schwarzmaieriHNS, and superbaHNS, differing as follows.

Major: median carina projects forward slightly as a single, bladelike process; occipital cleft deep; carinae originating on frontal lobes fan outward and most reach the occipital border; occipital lobes mostly smooth and sprinkled with scattered foveae; in dorsal-oblique view, humerus raised high as a prominent lobe; propodeal spines thin and vertical on propodeal basal face; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped; promesonotal dorsum entirely carinulate.

Minor: head "tiger-striped" with curving carinulae along the sides and straight carinulae that run from the frontal lobes to the occiput; occiput somewhat narrowed, with nuchal collar; promesonotal dorsum entirely carinulate; propodeal spines short, thin, and vertical on the propodeal dorsal face.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.48, SL 0.70, EL 0.16, PW 0.70. Paratype minor: HW 0.70, HL 0.78, SL 0.66, EL 0.08, PW 0.48.

Color Major: body and mandibles dark reddish brown, tarsi dark yellow, other appendages light reddish brown. Minor: body medium brown, appendages dark yellow.

Range Known from the type locality, and from San Pedro de la Sierra, Pico Verbabuena, Magdalena, 1730 m (C. Kugler).

biology Winged queens were present in the type colony at the time of collection 9-13 January.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Finca Merenberg, 12 km west of Belen, Huila, 2300 m (C. Kugler and J. Hahn). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 2300 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole vomer: jtlc000016572; Paratype Pheidole vomer Wilson 2003: casent0645892



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