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Species: Pheidole verricula   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole verricula Wilson, 2003A: 532, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica (Las Alturas).

Biology:

Collected from a rotten log in montane rainforest.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole verriculaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L verriculum, a dragnet, referring to the densely rugoreticulate heads of the major and minor.

Diagnosis A relatively large member of the flavensHNS group, distinguished in both major and minor by the dorsal surface of the head being completely rugoreticulate except for the frontal lobes, clypeus, and a small strip of the head capsule just behind the clypeus. In addition, the major has a cornulate humerus and stout, relatively long propodeal spine, and a broad lens-shaped postpetiolar node, and the pronotal dorsum of the minor is completely rugoreticulate.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.90, HL 1.00, SL 0.46, EL 0.12, PW 0.46. Paratype minor: HW 0.48, HL 0.54, SL 0.46, EL 0.08, PW 0.32.

Color Major: body dark, almost blackish brown, mandibles medium brown, appendages a contrasting dark yellow. Minor: mandibles and body concolorous medium brown, legs and antennae brownish yellow.

Range Montane Costa Rica above 1500 m, collected at Los Alturas, Braulio Carrillo, and Monteverde by Longino (1997); also Minas Las Animas, above Valle de Angeles, Honduras, 1560 m (W. L. Brown).

Biology Occurs on the leaf litter on the forest floor and in canopy soil in very wet cloud forest and elfin forest (Longino 1997). The Honduras colony found by W. L. Brown was in a forest ravine, nesting in rotten wood.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: 4 km north-northwest of Las Alturas, Puntarenas, 8A°59TSf 82A°51 W, 1950 m (P. S. Ward). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 1950 m

Type specimens: holotype Pheidole verricula: jtlc000016571



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