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Species: Pheidole valens   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole valens Wilson, 2003A: 359, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole valensHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L valensHNS, strong, vigorous.

diagnosis A member of the fallaxHNS group with similarities to fallaxHNS, jelskiiHNS, obscurithoraxHNS, puttemansiHNS, and roushaeHNS, distinguished as follows.

Major: head quadrate; almost all of anterior two-thirds of dorsal surface of head (except frontal triangle, antennal fossae, and clypeus) rugoreticulate, and posterior third foveolate; anterior half of pronotal dorsum rugoreticulate; antennal scape near base slightly broader than near tip; pronotum weakly bilobous in dorsal-oblique view; metanotum convex in side view; petiole thick in side view, but the apex of its node tapering almost to a point; median strip of entire first gastral tergite shagreened and opaque. Minor: all of head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate and opaque; anterior half of median strip shagreened. measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.70, HL 1.80, SL 1.02, EL 0.26, PW 0.92. Paratype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.84, SL 1.04, EL 0.18, PW 0.54.

Color Major: head, mesosoma, and petiole medium reddish brown; postpetiole and gaster dark reddish brown. Minor: body medium reddish brown except for gaster, which is dark reddish brown; appendages light reddish brown.

Range Known only from the type locality.

biology The type colony was found in a soil nest whose entrance hole was surrounded by pebbles, in a cerrado-like secondary thicket.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. BRAZIL: Mpio. Livramento, Mato Grosso (James C. Trager). Scale bars = 1 mm.



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