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Species: Pheidole umphreyi   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole umphreyi Wilson, 2003A: 531, figs. (s.w.) PANAMA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole umphreyiHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named after the collector, the field biologist and systematist Gary J. Umphrey.

Diagnosis Similar in various traits to chalcoidesHNS, mackayiHNS, tennantaeHNS, and several species close to them (q.v.), differing as follows. Major: dark brown with bicolored head (see Color below); upper mesopleuron (anepisterum), dorsum of propodeum, and humerus covered by irregular, broken rugulae; lower mesopleuron (katepisterum), sides of propodeum, and most of anterior dorsal surface of head carinulate; middle of promesonotal dorsum in profde with a small, obliquely subangulate convexity; petiolar node in side view tapered toward apex; postpetiolar node from above oval.

Minor: mesopleuron and side of propodeum rugulose; most of head and all of pronotum smooth and shiny; occiput broad, its margin straight.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.08, HL 1.08, SL 0.62, EL 0.12, PW 0.52. Paratype minor: HW 0.56, HL 0.62, SL 0.56, EL 0.06, PW 0.36.

Color Major: body dark brown; head bicolored: strip of head capsule anterior to anterior margin of eyes brownish yellow, rest of capsule dark brown; appendages medium brown.

Minor: body blackish brown; head bicolored: narrow strip of the anterior half of head capsule between eye and anterior head capsule border a contrasting brownish yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type colony was found by Gary J. Umphrey in a coffee plantation, nesting under the bark and in the still-firm rotting wood of a very large log. Winged queens were present at the time of collection 15 June.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. PANAMA: Boquete, near Vulcan Baru, Chiriqui Province, 8A°4TN 82A°26'W (Gary J. Umphrey). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on treefall, pheidole on surface o times road to San Luis below Stuckys'. Patch of dry scrub. 1547.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1100 meters, 282 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole umphreyi: casent0644964, jtlc000016565



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