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Species: Pheidole tigris   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole tigris Wilson, 2003A: 354, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole tigrisHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L tigrisHNS, tiger, i.e. "striped" like one with carinulae.

Diagnosis A large, very distinctive member of the fallaxHNS group, recognizable as follows.

Major: "orange"; almost all of promesonotal and propodeal dorsa, as well as mesopleuron, covered by transverse carinulae; entire rear third of head, including occiput, rugoreticulate; and almost all the anterior two-thirds of the head carinulate, with no accompanying rugoreticulum; petiolar node from the side very high, strongly tapered toward the apex; postpetiolar node 2X broader than petiolar node from above, and elliptical in shape; body everywhere densely pilose.

Minor: yellow; all of posterior dorsal half of head and all of mesosomal dorsum transversely rugulose; propodeal spine absent; occiput drawn into a neck with broad nuchal collar.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 2.16, HL 2.28, SL 1.22, EL 0.34, PW 1.04. Paratype minor: HW 0.61, HL (including collar) 0.90, SL 1.34, EL 0.10, PW 0.50.

color Major: body and antennae very light reddish brown ("orange"), with a dark reddish brown stripe running the length of the midline of the head anteriorly to include the frontal triangle; legs dark reddish yellow.

Minor: concolorous yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type colony was found in spring bamboo (Guadua) forest, nesting in a rotting log. A seed cache and males were present in the nest at the time of collection, 1-4 June.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: 10 km south of San Jose del Palmer, Rio Torito, Choco (Charles Kugler). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in cloud forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in clay soil, 1 times ground nest, on vertical bank of Atta cephalotes nest.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times search.

Elevations: collected from 770 - 800 meters, 773 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole tigris: jtlc000016555



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