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Species: Pheidole superba   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole superba Wilson, 2003A: 762, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Colombia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole superbaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L superbaHNS, splendid, superior, referring to the larger, strikingly dark, shiny body of major.

diagnosis Similar in various traits to amataHNS, ambiguaHNS, celaenaHNS, feraHNS, germainiHNS, peruvianaHNS, rutilanaHNS, schwarzmaieriHNS, and vomerHNS, differing as follows.

Major: large, dark reddish to blackish brown; eye small; humerus prominently raised in dorsal-oblique view as a large equilateral triangle; in side view, venter of head strongly convex and dorsum weakly so, with the head as a whole tapering conspicuously to the occiput; in full-face view, head subrectangular, with deep occipital cleft; posterior half of dorsal head surface smooth and shiny, anterior half carinulate, with no rugoreticulum; lower half of mesopleuron, humeri, and parts of mesonotum and propodeal dorsa carinulate, rest of mesosoma smooth and shiny; propodeal spines long and slender; postpetiole from above elliptical, with angulate margins.

Minor: yellow; occiput only slightly narrowed but with nuchal collar; apex of petiolar node strongly and broadly convex; spines short and directed backward; head and body mostly smooth and shiny.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.84, HL 2.16, SL 0.86, EL 0.20, PW 0.84.

Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.66, SL 0.74, EL 0.10, PW 0.40.

Color Major: head dark reddish brown, rest of body blackish brown, appendages medium reddish brown. Minor: dark yellow.

Range Known from the type locality, as well as from Barro Colorado Island, Panama.

Biology The Barro Colorado series was collected form a bat roost (Diana E. Wheeler).

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Pueblito, on southern boundary of Tayrona Park, 250 m (Charles Kugler). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 200 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole superba: jtlc000016545; Paratype Pheidole superba Wilson 2003: casent0645877



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