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Species: Pheidole socrates   Forel, 1912 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole biconstricta r. socrates Forel, 1912g PDF: 223 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Wilson, 2003A: 149.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Guyana
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole socratesHNS Forel, new status

Pheidole biconstricta socratesHNS Forel 1912g: 223. Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology L socratesHNS, presumably after the philosopher.

Diagnosis A large, light reddish yellow member of the biconstrictaHNS group, possessing spines in major and minor. In the major, also, longitudinal carinulae of frontal lobes extend in attenuated form posteriorly to near the occipital border. In the minor, the occiput is exceptionally broad in full-face view. Otherwise, close to biconstrictaHNS and platoHNS.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.84, HL 1.80, SL 1.10, EL 0.26, PW 0.88. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.88, HL 0.94, SL 1.08, EL 0.10, PW 0.56. Color Major and minor: concolorous light reddish yellow.

Range Amazonian Brazil to the Guianas (French Guiana, Guyanas, Suriname). Kempf (1972b) records socratesHNS from Trinidad, but I have not seen the specimens. Biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. BRAZIL: Belem. Scale bars - 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole socrates: casent0908091; paralectotype of Pheidole socrates: casent0908092

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