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Species: Pheidole sarpedon   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole sarpedon Wilson, 2003A: 749, figs. (s.) ECUADOR. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Ecuador
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Comments:

J. Longino, 27 Apr 2014: This is part of a complex of species that includes P. exarata and P. stulta (two of the older names in the complex). This isolated major has the smaller (absent?) hypostomal teeth of P. stulta, but the relatively long scapes of P. exarata (SI = 55).

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole sarpedonHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Gr SarpedonHNS, mythical commander of Priam's Lycian allies.

diagnosis Similar in various ways to balzaniHNS, brunnescensHNS, exarataHNS, excubitorHNS, fabricatorHNS, germainiHNS, hispaniolaeHNS, nigellaHNS, prattorumHNS, sabinaHNS, tristisHNS, tristopsHNS, and unicornisHNS, differing as follows.

Major: reddish yellow; occipital cleft deep and rounded; postpetiolar venter with prominent forward-directed lobe; humerus in dorsaloblique view elevated prominently as a lobe; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face; carinulae cover anterior half of dorsal head surface, and those mesad to eye bend inward; postpetiolar node from above conulate. Minor: unknown.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.46, HL 1.60, SL 0.80, EL 0.14, PW 0.68.

Color Major: body medium to dark reddish yellow, mandibles and antennal scapes reddish brown, legs light reddish yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

biology Unknown.

Figure Holotype, major. ECUADOR: Limoncocha, Napo, 250 m (Stewart B. and Jarmila Kukalova-Peck). (Minor unknown.) Scale bar = 1 mm.



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