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Species: Pheidole pygmaea   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole pygmaea Wilson, 2003A: 490, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole pygmaeaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L pygmaeaHNS, dwarf.

Diagnosis Similar to the species listed in the heading above, differing as follows.

Major: yellow; eye large, oval, set far forward on head; head elongate; occipital cleft broad, deep, its nadir semicircular; propodeal spines reduced to right angles; propodeal spiracle large, as wide as base of spines; petiolar node tapers to a point; carinulae mesad to eyes extend almost halfway to occipital lobes; carinulae originating at rear of frontal lobes spread laterally, away from the midline; small patches of foveolae present on mesopleuron and petiolar peduncle, and mesosoma, waist, and gaster otherwise smooth and shiny.

Minor: eye very large, set far forward, tapered slightly toward anterior end; anterior half of head partly carinulate and foveolate, and entire remainder of head and body smooth and shiny.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.74, HL 0.90, SL 0.40, EL 0.10, PW 0.40. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.50, SL 0.40, EL 0.08, PW 0.26. color Major: body dark yellow, appendages medium yellow. Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

Range Known from the type locality and from localities in Choco and Cundinamarca, Colombia.

biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: TV Tower Road, Saldido, west of Cali, Valle, 1900-2100 m (W. L. Brown and R. B. Root). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 2000 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole pygmaea: jtlc000016503; Paratype Pheidole pygmaea Wilson 2003: casent0645857, casent0645858



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