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Species: Pheidole polita   Emery, 1894 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole fabricator var. polita Emery, 1894d PDF: 155 (s.w.) BOLIVIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species and senior synonym of Pheidole wheeleri: Wilson, 2003A: 734.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole polita EmeryHNS, new status

Pheidole fabricator var. polita EmeryHNS 1894d: 155. Synonymy: Pheidole wheeleriHNS Mann 1916: 431, n. syn.

Types Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova.

Etymology l politaHNS, smooth, polished.

Diagnosis A shiny, reddish or brownish yellow member of the tristisHNS group, somewhat similar to balzaniHNS, fabricatorHNS, nigellaHNS, and tristisHNS but immediately distinguishable from these and other species in the group by the following traits.

Major and minor: body mostly smooth and shiny, reddish brown; humeri very prominently angulate, in major seen from above extending well beyond the lower sides of the pronotum; hind tibiae greatly swollen. Major: occipital border in full-face view very broadly and moderately concave. Measurements (mm) Major ( politaHNS lectotype): HW 1.20, HL 1.20, SL 0.62, EL 0.12, PW 0.62. Minor ( politaHNS paralectotype): HW 0.64, HL 0.66, SL 0.60, EL 0.08, PW 0.40.

Color Major ( politaHNS lectotype): body brownish yellow, appendages dark yellow ( wheeleriHNS types are medium to light reddish brown, appendages a lighter shade of reddish brown).

Minor: concolorous yellowish brown ( wheeleriHNS types have body medium reddish brown, appendages yellowish to reddish brown.

Range Rio Beni, Bolivia ( politaHNS types); Rio Madeira, Rondonia, Brazil ( wheeleriHNS types); and Cuzco Amazonico, near Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru.

biology At Cuzco Amazonico, Peru, Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin found a dense population of this species in a large clearing filled with logging detritus.

Figure Upper: major (syntype of synonymous wheeleriHNS). Lower: minor (syntype of synonymous wheeleriHNS). Hind tibia shown in both castes. (Type locality: Rio Beni, Bolivia, Luigi Balzan.) Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 200 m

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole fabricator polita: casent0904381; paralectotype of Pheidole fabricator polita: casent0904382



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