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Species: Pheidole perpilosa   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pheidole perpilosa Wilson, 2003A: 336, figs. (s.w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Distribution Notes:

collected from the Chiricahua Mtns, Cochise Co.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole perpilosaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L perpilosaHNS, very hairy.

Diagnosis A member of the fallaxHNS group similar to cockerelliHNS and gula in some characters, distinguished as follows. Major: yellow; densely covered by long erect to suberect hairs (many as long as Eye Length); rugoreticulum covers most of space between each eye and antennal fossa, area behind (ventral to) eye, and a broad, continuous band across the dorsal surface of the head posterior to the eyes; frontal lobes and dorsal surface of occiput carinulate; all of head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate and opaque; mesonotal convexity subangulate in dorsal-oblique view; apex of petiolar node tapered in side view; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Minor: entire body densely covered by erect to suberect hairs, many longer than Eye Length; entire head and most of mesosoma foveolate and opaque; most of dorsal surface of head carinulate; anterior margin of pronotum rugulose; occipital margin in frontal view broad, lacking nuchal collar.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.34, HL 1.40, SL 0.80, EL 0.22, PW 0.70.

Paratype minor: HW 0.70, HL 0.82, SL 0.92, EL 0.16, PW 0.52.

Color Major: body yellowish brown except for gaster, which is light brown.

Minor: body plain medium brown except for genae, which are brownish yellow; appendages brownish yellow.

Range Stefan Cover has collected several colonies at 1400-1850 m in the mountains of central and southern Arizona south of the Mogollon rim, in particular Cochise, Gila, and Yavapai Counties. He reports a colony intermediate between perpilosaHNS and vallicolaHNS from Rucker Canyon, Cochise Co.

Biology Cover found colonies nesting in forests containing various combinations of pine, oak, and juniper, often in valleys, nesting under rocks or in open soil. Colonies are monogynous and large, containing up to 1500 minors and majors. The workers are predaceous; seed caches have not been found in the nests.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. ARIZONA: Pinal Mt., Gila Co., 1600 m (Stefan Cover). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in desert scrub, 1 times found in oak juniper woodland, Quercus grisea, Juniper, Ponderosa Pine, Q. emoryi, Sycamor times found in Creek valley forest, 1 times found in oak pine woodland, 1 times found in desert canyon, riparian., 1 times found in oak-pine woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times pitfall trap, 1 times under stone, 1 times Under rock in partial shade. Gravelly soil., 1 times nest under stone, 1 times night collecting; strays..

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times pitfall trap, 2 times search.

Elevations: collected from 1325 - 1920 meters, 1606 meters average

Type specimens:



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