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Species: Pheidole mirabilis   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Pheidole mirabilis Wilson, 2003A: 722, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole mirabilisHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L mirabilisHNS, wonderful, strange, alluding to the armament of the major.

Diagnosis Similar to the species listed in the heading above but unique among PheidoleHNS, and all ants, for the complex armament at the front of the major's head.

Major: a spike emerges from the middle carina of the clypeus; the clypeus divides into two layers, each of which projects a pair of angulate processes down and forward; carinulae originating on the frontal carinae turn outward and travel toward the sides of the head; rugoreticulum present mesad to eye; most of posterior third of dorsal head surface smooth; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face.

Minor: dorsal mesosomal surface mostly covered by widely spaced transverse carinulae; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face; postpetiolar node low in side view.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.24, HL 1.64, SL 0.64, EL 0.14, PW 0.70. Paratype minor: HW 0.64, HL 0.74, SL 0.62, EL 0.10, PW 0.42. color Major: body medium reddish brown, legs yellowish brown.

Minor: body plain medium brown except for gaster, which is plain light brown; appendages yellowish brown.

Range Known from three localities in Valle, at 1570-1700 m.

Biology All of the three series were collected in montane rainforest. A seed cache was found in the nest of the type colony.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Pance, Mun. de Cali, Valle, 1700 m (W. L. Brown and S. Chaplin). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 1700 m

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole mirabilis: jtlc000016457; Paratype Pheidole mirabilis Wilson 2003: casent0645829



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